January 31, 1863

Macomb Eagle
January 31, 1863

To the Voters of McDonough County.

            The undersigned committee of the Democratic party of said county, in view of the present unfortunate condition of the country; and in the exercise of our Constitutional rights as citizens, do hereby call a meeting of the citizens of said county to be held at Macomb, on Saturday, the 7th day of February, next, at 1 o’clock P.M., to deliberate upon the momentous questions now pressing upon the country.

A full attendance of all who are in favor of the Constitution as it is, and a restoration of the Union as it was, is desired.

The Hon. L. W. Ross and Hon. C. R. Harris have been invited to address the meeting.  Other good speakers are expected to be in attendance.

Thompson Chandler,
F. D. Lipe,
Wm. T. Head,
S. H. Hogan,
J. C. Thompson,
John Knappenberger,
J. M. Campbell,


How can it be Settled?

            How can this war be settled?  This is one of the important questions which necessarily attracts the attention of all classes.  It is one of absorbing, overwhelming interest, and it will not be put off from the mind.  We have lately conversed with a number of officers and soldier, as well as civilians., fresh from the field of military operations.  In reply to questions, they all agree upon two things: 1st, that fighting will never restore the Union.  2nd, that the soldiers on both sides – indeed, all below the position of Brigadier General – would speedily end this war, by obeying the Constitution as it is and the Union as it was.  This, we take it, is the only legitimate and honorable purpose to be accomplished.  After two years of war, we are no nearer the accomplishment of this object than we were at the commencement.  Two hundred thousand graves mark where our brothers and sons have gone down to death through the fierce strife of battle, or from the more slow, but not less terrible, ravages of disease.  A public debt of thousands of millions of dollars hangs over our heads – a debt which will grind future generations into poverty and wretchedness.  An inflated paper currency is thrust upon us, whose collapse will bring bankruptcy like a storm through the country.  The death of so many men will, as like causes did in France, produce a fearful retrograde in morals and virtue, the blighting curses of which will sap the foundations of society for untold years to come.  All these sacrifices – all these burdens – all these perils that are imminent, might be borne, and even cheerfully borne, were there any compensation received or even hopefully promised.  In the face of all this, why should not some other method be attempted for a restoration of the old order, peace, harmony, and prosperity?  Is it less than positive inhumanity – positive wickedness – positive criminality – to compel men who have no real cause of quarrel to longer stand up and butcher each other, merely at the bidding of some in authority, and to gratify the most damnable and hellish ambition that ever cursed and disgraced a free people?  Is it not time to stop this bloody war, at least for a season, and try some other means to restore the Union of our Fathers?


Illinois Cotton and Tobacco.

            Senator Blanchard, of Jackson county, has had on exhibition in the senate chamber, three specimens of tobacco raised on his own farm.  We are not a judge of the “weed,” but those who are acquainted with it say that these specimens are of admirable quality. – The senator says his crop was about one thousand pounds to the acre.  The honorable senator had also samples of cotton, ginned and unginned, which were also raised in Jackson county. – The staple was very fine, long, and of snowy whiteness.  Exhibitions of such articles as these are gratifying to the pride of every Illinoisan.  The capacity of our soil for the production of cotton, tobacco, sugar, and molasses, is now demonstrated.  These, added to our exhaustless stock and grain growing, show that we can be independent of the “rest of mankind” in a greater degree than any other State in the Union.                                                                                                                  A.


New Items for Taxation.

            As congress is just now busy in devising new subjects for taxation, the following items are respectfully suggested:

For counting the stripes in a balmoral, 50 cents.
For not bowing to a darkey after de fust of Janivery, $1.
For not crying secesh like the d—l, 25 cents.
For playing euchre with a girl, 25 cents.
For treating a girl’s brother, 50 cents.
For kissing in the dark 5 cents.  If old folks are opposed, exempt from tax.
For failure to admire the “new bonnets,” 25 cents.
For shouting “bully for Old Dick,” 37 ½ cents.
For declining a government contract, all a man is worth.
For not appreciating “John Brown’s song,” $1 for each offense.
For trying to “escape history,” 2 cents.  (Applies to members of congress only.)
For going a “catting” in Crooked creek, 3 cents.
For staring at women’s ankles when the streets are sloppy, $1.
For reading the proceedings of Congress, 25 cents a day.
On all cocks that crowed over the last fall elections, 25 cents.
On all that wouldn’t do it again, $1000.
On butternuts, 5 cents “a one.” – (The administration has probably heard of the crop last fall.)


Mass Meeting.

            By referring to another column it will be seen that the Democratic committee have appointed Saturday, February 7th as the day for holding the mass meeting.  It is expected that the honest yeomanry of old McDonough will turn out en masse on that day, and give expression to their views on the great questions that are now agitating the country. – The Hon. L. W. Ross and Hon. C. R. Harris, and other speakers will be present and address the meeting.  Let every one turn out, and show the corrupt fanatics and abolitionists, who are seeking to destroy the government, that old McDonough is true to the Constitution as it is and the Union as it was.


Letter From the Editor.

            Springfield, Jan. 15th. – But little business was done in the Senate to-day.  A resolution by Mr. Vandeveer, to provide for a standing committee on printing was adopted.  Mr. Vandeveer said he was informed that the printed documents lying in the basement of the capitol could only be counted by the cord, and that seventy-five cords was not a large estimate for the quantity now in the basement.  The printing of these documents has cost the State, I suppose, thousands of dollars per cord, and to prevent this waste of the people’s money is the object designed to be accomplished by Mr. Vandeveer’s resolution.

A bill was introduced into the House to provide for the funding of the McAllister & Stebbins bonds.  This subject has been so often kicked out of previous sessions of the Legislature, that it is a matter of surprise that any member should introduce it again, or that it should be treated with sufficient respect to have it referred.  Common honesty demands that it should never see daylight again.  It is reported, however, that an establishment known here as the “Red Rose,” and which is engineered by certain Quincy politicians, is furnished with motive power by the holders of the bonds alluded to.  I do not vouch for the truth of this; but only give it as a rumor current on the streets.

A large number of bills – almost entirely of a local nature – were introduced and referred.

Jan. 20th. – Mr. Lindsay offered a resolution calling on the board of army auditors for a report of all the claims allowed by them, and the amount of each.  A number of bills were introduced and referred to committee.

In the House the contested election case of Brant vs. Gage, from one of the Cook county districts.  The evidence was clearly in favor of the contestant, and the decision of the House was in accordance therewith.

Jan. 21st. – Mr. Underwood offered the following preamble and joint resolution:

WHEREAS; The people of the United Colonies, by common sacrifices of blood and treasure; and after a struggle of many years, threw off their allegiance to the government of Great Britain, and in a spirit of concession and compromise, and after the most mature reflection, established our national government, with the powers conferred by the constitution of the United States, under which ours has become the most true, prosperous and powerful nation on earth, enjoying the confidence of our people and respect of all nations; and

WHEREAS; ambition, fanaticism and a disloyal infidelity to constitutional obligations have embroiled us in a deplorable civil war, by which large debts have been incurred, the public morals have been debauched, untold afflictions brought upon families, many portions of our common country made desolate, more than two hundred thousand of the vigorous young men of the land destroyed, the most intense and malignant passions aroused, the contempt of other nations brought upon us, and the liberties of our citizens and our national existence imperiled; and

WHEREAS; the perpetuity of our national Union and constitution are indispensible to our peace, happiness, prosperity, highest progress and national glory; and it is our solemn duty to exert every effort to avoid the perils that threaten our national destruction; and

WHEREAS, the Constitution of the United States provides that congress, on the application of the legislatures of two-thirds of the several states shall call a convention for proposing the amendments to the constitution of the United States and by this means a peaceable and constitutional remedy is afforded to the people of the United States to adjust all their national grievances, and establish our national Union on a satisfactory and permanent basis; and therefore

Resolved, by the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, That the congress of the United States is hereby solicited, whenever the legislatures of two-thirds of the States concur in the request, to call a convention as provided in the constitution of the United States, to propose amendments to said constitution, and we earnestly implore the legislatures of the several States to act with us in this effort to save the liberty, lives and property of the citizens of the United States, and the best government ever invented by man, from the abyss in which all kindred governments have perished.

Mr. Vandeveer offered the following preamble and joint resolution:

WHEREAS, our common country has been desolated and disgraced by an unnatural and unnecessary civil war, now prolonged for nearly two years; and

WHEREAS, no means have been offered the people by the federal administration, save that of war, to enable them to adjust and settle the difficulties into which the radical and conflicting sentiments of extreme sections have involved the whole country; and

WHEREAS, the war has already crippled and impoverished the government, weighed down the people with [unclear] public debt, filled the land with cripples, widows and orphans, and brought mourning into every neighborhood, without having produced any visible signs of restoration of the Union; and

WHEREAS, the Union of the States was brought about by mutual concession and compromises, and can neither be restored or maintained without the mutual concession and compromise in which it was conceived; therefore, be it

Resolved, by the Senate and the House of Representatives, concurring herein, That the congress of the United States be and the same is hereby memorialized by the people of the State of Illinois represented in the general assembly, by proper means and under fair and reasonable stipulations, to obtain and procure an armistice and cessation of hostilities now existing between different sections of our common county, and that a national convention of all the States be assembled at the city of Louisville, at as early a day as possible, for the purpose of considering our national difficulties, and adjusting the same.

Resolved, That the governor of this State be requested to transmit a copy of the foregoing preamble and resolution to each of the Senators and Representatives to Congress from this State.

The resolution lies over under the rules.

Mr. Vandeveer’s resolution cannot be passed through the Senate, owing to the revolutionary spirit of the republican members.  They will ingloriously run from their duty, rather than permit a truthful statement of our difficulties and the proper remedy therefor to be placed on the records of the State.  Let the people prepare for stirring times.


→ There will be preaching in the Universalist Church next Sabbath, February 1st., at 10 ½ A.M. and 5 ½ P.M. Subject in the evening, “Christ a Lord and Teacher in the future state.”


Tax-Payers Take Notice. – Mr. Samuel McCray, Collector for Emmet township, will be in Macomb on Fridays’ and Saturdays’ when and where all those having taxes to pay can do so by calling on him.  He will take “greenbacks” in payment of taxes.


Old McDonough Still Ahead. – Thos. F. Shoopman, of this county, sold a hog in Colmar, several days since, which weighed 628 pounds.  Who can beat it?


Frozen to Death. – Michael McDonough, a young man about twenty years of age, whose parents reside in this county, was frozen to death on last Tuesday night, while on his way home.


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