October 3, 1862
The Eagle on the President’s Proclamation.
Below we give an extract from the Eagle on the President’s Proclamation. Abbott, in common with the K.G.C.’s throughout the State, claims to be a great lover of the country, the Constitution and the Union. He also claims that an emancipation policy will be the entire and final ruin of that country, and yet he can indulge in such senseless jabbering as the following, at a time when, as he claims, to believe ruin stares our nation in the face. Hear him:
“Old Abe has at last issued his proclamation declaring that the slaves of all who are rebels on the 1st day of January next shall be free! Now, split your throats in shouting freedom and equality to ‘our colored brethren!’ – Sound the “tom-tom”! Beat the hew-gag! Blow the fuzguzzy! Ring the gong-shaw! Proclaim the black millennium,” &c, &c.
Now we earnestly ask every sensible man if such stuff is not entirely out of place in one who believes that a death blow has been struck at our liberties. – Is not such balderdash better adapted to the cells of a mad house and the skirts of a straight jacket, than it is to the columns of a public journal, while discussing great national questions upon which hang the very destinies of thirty millions of people. Surely the man that will thus talk when great interests are at stake, must be either a fool or a mad man, or a compound of both.
Jeffersonville, Ind., Sept. 22.
Our regiment received marching orders on Friday last, to proceed at once to Louisville, Ky. We cooked rations, packed camp equipage, and left Quincy at half past 8 o’clock, Saturday afternoon, and arrived at this place about [obscured] this morning. Our journey hither was marked by no accident, and the boys seemed to enjoy the trip hugely. We were greeted with enthusiastic cheers and other joyous demonstrations all along the road. We came through Springfield, from thence to Lafayette, Ind., through Indianapolis and so on to this place. Indianapolis is certainly the finest city that I have seen in this western country. There were thousands of people at this latter place congregated along the railroad and at the depots to witness our passage through the city. Our boys behaved remarkably well, and every where we got the praise of being the best behaved regiment that had passed over the road.
On our arrival here this morning, we got our cooking utensils and cooked our breakfast on the first convenient spot we could find. We were covered with dirt and cinders, and after a good wash and a good breakfast of coffee and crackers, we feel decidedly better.
Jeffersonville is situated near the banks of the Ohio river, and Louisville is just opposite. I learn that there is a large secesh army within ten miles of that city. They are reported to be 30,000 strong, but under what General I do not learn. There is said to be now 40,000 Union troops at Louisville, and there are 8,000 upon this side of the river who will cross over to-day.
We were obliged to leave four out of Capt. Hume’s company sick at the Quincy hospital as follows: Henry Warner, W.H. Duffield, John Worley and John Duncan. Orderly James who is boarding at a private house, was much better, but not able to come with us. – Wm. Bowman, of Capt. Reynolds’ company, was also left at the hospital. – Transportation will be furnished these persons as soon as they are able to join their regiment. In explanation to all interested, I would say, that I furnished the muster rolls of Capt. Hume’s and Capt. Reynolds’ companies, according to the promise I made in my first letter, but why they have not appeared in the Journal I cannot say.
Those writing to the 78th regiment will direct, for the present, Louisville, Ky.
Ever thine, J.K.M.
The news for the past week has been very light. There has been no extensive fighting anywhere. It is rumored that Com. Farragut has commenced operations on Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Harbor. The indications are that great movements are on the tapis on the Potomac.
The only fight reported in the latest papers is a fist fight between Gov. Morton, of Indiana, and Gen. Boyle, at Louisville, growing out of the Jeff. Davis shooting affair. No particulars as to the number killed and wounded.
Home Again. – Chas. E. Waters, who has been acting as Adjutant of the 28th Ill. Reg., since the battle of Shiloh, returned home on Tuesday last. He will remain home a week or two and then goes to join the 84th Reg. as Adjutant. Charlie looks hale and hearty. He reports the boys all well when he left camp. The 28th was at Bolivar, Tenn.
October 4, 1862
Influx of Negroes.
Have we a Constitution of the State of Illinois? Have we laws made in obedience to the requirements of that Constitution? have we a Governor who is sworn to support that Constitution and enforce those laws? Is he doing his duty when he permits that Constitution to be violated and those laws to be broken? There is no question about the prohibition of negroes; there is no question about the Governor’s sworn duty. Negroes are coming into the State, in violation of the Constitution and laws, and to the injury of laboring white men. The people are taxed to feed these negroes, and to pay their railroad transportation from one end of the State to the other. Has Governor Yates done anything to prevent these violations of the laws he has sworn to have enforced? If so, what is it? Or is he pusillanimous, as well as powerless, before the despotism of Washington?
The Will of the People.
No longer ago than June last, the people of Illinois voted, by a majority of nearly three to one, against the immigration of negroes to the State. This was a re-indorsement, and a most emphatic and overwhelming one, of a similar provision in the Constitution of 1847. Yet negroes have come into the State by hundreds within the last two months. The Governor has been called upon, by the Democratic papers, to enforce the law and stop this immigration. Why do not republican papers call upon him also to respect the will of the people? Have they more regard for the negro than for the laws and interests of laboring white men?
Who are Exempt from Draft?
The following is supposed to be the list which the war department intends to make but, embracing all the persons that are not subject to draft. If any class of citizens are omitted in this list that ought not to be drafted, they are requested to give notice without delay. Those not subject to draft, are:
All infants at the breast.
All females between the ages of 18 and 45.
All females under 18.
All females over 45.
All negroes, mulattoes, and ministers of the gospel.
Quadroons and Quakers.
Octoroons and idiots.
All colored females.
Lunatics and custom house officers.
Men with wooden legs.
Men without legs.
Seamen and habitual drunkards.
Teachers in the public schools.
Bachelors over 45.
Married men over 45, whose wives won’t let them go.
Newsboys under 18.
Organ grinders who have not been naturalized, including their monkeys.
Young ladies at boarding school.
Young ladies not at boarding school.
Veterans of the revolution.
Veterans of the war of 1812.
The oldest Inhabitant.
Those who want to purchase apples and cider are referred to the advertisement of H. L. Ross, Esq., of Vermont.
The people of Industry voted on Saturday last on the proposition to levy a tax for the purpose of donating money to the families of volunteers. The vote was almost unanimously against the proposition. The obligation of a man to support his family is no less binding upon him after he becomes a soldier than it was before. If the soldiers will promptly send home their wages, these will be sufficient for the support of their families, in most cases. – Special appropriations can be made to supply the exceptional and needy cases, and the people relieved from the heavy tax that indiscriminate and unnecessary donations would impose.
The Agricultural Fair.
We trust the people of this county are not forgetting the fair of the agricultural society, which is to be held at Macomb on Tuesday and Wednesday of next week. There is no charge on the entrance of any article designed for exhibition or to compete for premiums. This feature alone should, and we think will, secure the exhibition of a large amount of stock, grain, vegetables, fruits, poultry, agricultural implements, manufactures, fancy goods, and the numerous other articles that serve to make up the attractions of an agricultural fair. The membership and admission fees will be very low, so that none need to stay away on account of the cost. We confidently expect to see a large exhibition of the stock and products of McDonough county, and also a large crowd to see and admire them. The sale of stock on Wednesday should not be forgotten.