September 5, 1862
Secretary Seward’s Letter and Slavery.
Secretary Seward’s letter to Earl Russell, dated May 29th, has just been published, and is exciting much comment from the press. The New York Sun says, “The most remarkable part of Mr. Seward’s letter is his intimation respecting Slavery. He does not conceal the fact that this is the real cause of the war, or deny the social convulsions that may attend the solution of this question. His language in effect is that Emancipation will certainly be the result of foreign intervention, and may possibly take place if the war is prolonged.
The New York Times, in speaking of this letter, says, “After a comparative view of the resources of the National Government and the rebels, Mr. Seward approaches the subject of Slavery. – A servile war with all its horrors, is, he argues, but a question of time, if the war shall continue indefinitely; and he shows how, even as it is, the industrial system of the South bids fair to be completely broken up by the dissolution of society and the escape of the blacks. – The Government, animated by a just regard for the general welfare, adopts a policy designed at once to save the Union and rescue society from that fearful catastrophe, while it consults the ultimate peaceful relief of the nation from Slavery. The wording is here cautious, but it is not difficult to draw the inference that Emancipation will be the policy of the Government, possibly in the settlement of its domestic difficulties, and certainly if any European Power shall intervene.”
Secretary Seward has been considered the most conservative member of the cabinet so far as slavery is concerned, and the intimations in his letter that a contingency may arise in which slavery must be destroyed, is rather a significant one. He concurs in the conviction that emancipation is the shortest way to end the rebellion, but thinks that it can be done without it.
On Thursday evening last, Captain Roach’s and Captain Brink’s companies left Colchester for Camp Butler. There was a large crowd present to see them off. At four o’clock a splendid flag purchased by the ladies of Argyle and Prosperity Lodges, was presented to Captain Roach’s company. The presentation speech was made by I. L. Bailey, Esq., of Colchester, and the reception speech by Captain Roach. Both of the speeches were highly applauded by the large crowd in attendance. The ladies of Colchester and Tennessee Lodges had intended to have presented a fine flag to Captain Brink’s company, but from some cause it did not arrive from Chicago in time.
No two companies have left this county that were composed of better material that these two, and we expect to hear of many deeds of valor from them in the future.
A Visit to Camp. – On Saturday last, we paid the Camp at Quincy a short visit. There are some 2,000 men in camp at the present time and more are constantly arriving. The location of the camp seems to be a good one. – It is in a piece of timber which gives good shade, and the ground is rolling, so that it is easily drained. The boys seemed to be enjoying themselves hugely. We had the pleasure of partaking of a camp dinner with them, and must say that we have set down to a worse one both as regards quality and cooking. Several of the boys were shaking with ague, although the health of the camp was generally good. Col. L. H. Waters commands the post, and makes an efficient and popular officer.
Clarke, at his Bookstore, on the north side of the square, is now receiving his fall stock of School and Miscellaneous Books, Stationery, Window Paper, and, in fact, everything usually kept in a Bookstore. He has all the different school books in use in this county. Give him a call.
There is something strange in the fact that the Eagle office did not display its flag until after the work of arresting secesh editors had commenced. Wonder if that had anything to do with it?
Unkind. – The Eagle has the ingratitude to call the proprietors of a certain establishment near the depot “abolitionists.” My Stars! if the senior of that establishment has not done dirty work enough to entitle him to the respect of the Democracy, who has?
Eighth Annual Fair
of McDonough County
Will be held at the Fair Grounds in Macomb on the 7th and 8th days of October, 1862.
The lists of Premiums offered in 1861 will be offered and paid in the same manner without a charge for entrance. There will be a large sale of Stock on the last day. All interested are expected to attend, as the Election for Officers will be held on the Ground.
J. W. Merritt, President.
T. B. B. Maury, Secretary.
The Great Excursion. – The Great Excursion to Quincy comes off on Thursday, the 4th inst. Fifteen coaches and five platform cars have been chartered, and yet hundreds have been unable to procure tickets. This is to be regreted but we can assure all who have been disappointed, that no blame can be thrown upon the committee having charge. – They have done all that lay in their power to charter cars enough to carry all that desired to go, but the Great Horse Fair in Chicago, and the movement of so many troops will not allow the railroad company to furnish more cars. We trust that the Excursion may pass off pleasantly, without accident or harm to any.
September 6, 1862
Hon. L. W. Ross.
The nomination of this gentleman for Congress, by the convention at Rushville last week, will, we trust, give satisfaction to all the conservative voters of this district. We hazard nothing in saying that the Democracy will, to a man, give Mr. Ross a cordial and hearty support; and we know of no good reason why any man who desires this country restored to its former peace and prosperity and the government once more administered according to the political and economical principles of the fathers, should fail to give Mr. Ross his vote. Mr. Ross is far from being unknown to the people of this district and indeed of the State. His services to the party in 1860, and his eloquent efforts in behalf of the triumph of the true principles of our government in that campaign, are fresh in the minds of the people. He gave his entire time to a thorough canvass of the State, and he was esteemed, even by his opponents, as one of the most eloquent, convincing, and courteous public speakers in that canvass.
“The Union – it must be preserved,” was the declaration of Jackson. It is the prevalent sentiment of the American people now. But Jackson never meant the Union must be preserved at the expense of all the blessings of the Union. He did not mean that the Union was to be preserved by a sacrifice of all the conditions upon which that Union was founded. Nor do reflecting patriotic men now hope or desire any Union which shall essentially impair the fabric of constitutional liberty and self-government which our fathers constructed. The Union must be preserved, but also must be preserved that Constitution which makes the Union an unparalleled political blessing. No sacrifice can be too great for the American people to maintain the one – but the world itself and its millions yet unborn have a stake in the preservation of constitutional liberty and self-government.
McDonough County Fair.
We are glad to see that the managers of the agricultural society have made arrangements for holding the eighth annual fair on the 7th and 8th days of October next. We have no doubt there will be a large attendance of people, with their horses and cattle, swine and sheep, vegetables and poultry, fruits and flowers, pretty women and fat babies. Let everybody and his wife make arrangements for spending two days at the fair, and having a social interchange of kind feeling and good wishes.
The fall term of the McDonough circuit court has been in session the present week. His honor Judge Higbee has presided with his usual urbanity and despatched business at the rate consistent with the interest of parties and of the people. Among the attorneys from abroad we notice Messrs. Ross and Judd of Lewistown, Barrere of Canton, Folsom of Prairie City, Champlin of Blandinville, Jackson of Colchester, Taylor of Middletown, Draper of Carthage, and Irvin of Pittsfield.
About every paper in the State thinks that its own county has furnished the largest number of volunteers in proportion to population. Singular what unanimity there is among the press.
The first peaches of the season sold in our streets on Wednesday at $1 50 a bush.