July 25, 1862
The Latest News.
The latest news by telegraph is that Morgan’s band had been overtaken by the federals and completely routed. All the property stolen by him was recovered. Rebel loss 25, Federal 20. – Everything is reported quiet at Evansville and Newberg. The war Department has issued an order directing the Generals in the field to use the property of Rebels, both real and personal, for the maintenance of the army, and also to use the blacks in any capacity that the occasion may require. Gen. Halleck arrived in Washington on the 22d inst.
The New War Policy.
The news from Washington is to the effect that the Government is about to enter upon a new and more vigorous policy in the conduct of the war. The day has gone by when rebels and traitors are to be handled with kid gloves for fear of wounding the feelings of the traitors in the South, or their sympathizers in the North. Henceforth they are to be met with the whole military power of the Government, and either thrashed into obedience or exterminated from the face of the earth. – Henceforth, every element that can be made useful, is to be pressed into the service – and every loyal citizen will be allowed to fight under the glorious banner of Freedom, without distinction of color or race. This is as it should be. The war has too long been conducted upon “peace principles.” Now let the dogs of war be let loose – let the entire strength of the nation be put forth in one giant effort, even if it results in striking the chains from every bondsman in the land. Henceforth let the cry be if slavery gets in the way down with it and soon the flag of the Union will wave in triumph over the length and breadth of the land. Let it be understood that the war is to be conducted upon the principles of confiscation and death to traitors, that our soldiers are no longer to be used in guarding the onion patches of their enemies, or digging endless ditches while thousands of healthy negroes are looking on to see them work, and a million of men if necessary, will respond to their country’s call. Our neighbor of the Eagle may call this abolitionism, but it will redeem and save the country.
- The war fever is again breaking out with renewed energy in many parts of our State. At Chicago on Saturday evening last, an immense meeting was held for the purpose of raising funds to offer as a bounty to volunteers. Patriotic speeches were made and a large amount of money subscribed. In Quincy on Monday evening a large War meeting was held for the same purpose, and throughout the State the same action is being taken. But what are we doing in McDonough county. – Thus far no action has been taken upon the part of our citizens in this direction. The quota of McDonough county has got to be made up and that speedily. – If volunteers can not be found, drafting will be resorted to. The men have got to be raised. Then let us take hold of the matter, and that at once. Let public meetings be called in different parts of the county. Let the people rise up in their might and demand of the Board of Supervisors that an appropriation be made of $10,000 or $15,000, to aid in the work. This is no time to hold back. The Government demands the aid of its citizens, and they must respond to the call. There are hundreds in our county who would willingly volunteer had they the assurance that their families would be provided for. Then let the Board of Supervisors at once pledge the money from the County Treasury. This is a perfectly just and equitable manner of raising the money. The burden would then rest upon all in exact proportion to their ability to pay. Let petitions be circulated at once requesting the County Board to take prompt action in the matter, and we have no doubt the Board will respond in a patriotic manner – that the money will be appropriated – and our quota be speedily made up.
To the Rescue.
The free States are invaded, our homes are in danger of destruction, and our wives and children of murder! – Will the noble hearted and patriotic men of McDonough county shut their eyes and ears to what has transpired in Indiana, and Iowa, and hold their hands and say “This ought not to be, it must be stopped – why don’t men enlist faster when the dangers are so great?” These very men should enlist, or bring a man to the recruiting officer and say “Here, I can’t go, but swear this man in, and I will get as many more as I can.”
Don’t for God’s and our country’s sake, we entreat you, stand back waiting for somebody else to take hold, and them find fault if young men of seventeen fill your places. If men of twenty-five and upwards will not enlist, boys must, and they deserve double honor rather than blame.
Fathers, if you cannot go and defend your country and your flag, don’t hinder that 5 foot 8 boy of yours from going because he is too young. Tell him to go, put him out of the house, and disinherit him if he don’t go. Your second duty is to your country, your third your family. Don’t stay at home because you are married and have a family, you can save more money in the army than you are now making clear on your farm — $25 of the bounty, the first month’s pay and $2 premium, (making $40) is paid upon mustering into service.
We know full well how hard it is to part with wives, sons, sisters and brothers but what parent, sister or wife would not rather part with them when they know they are to defend their country, than to see them murdered at their own firesides. This chicken heartedness must be done away with! Sons, husbands and brothers must tear away from such cases, and fly to the rescue! it must be done, and the sooner the better.
One man came into town on Saturday and enlisted who had a nice farm, good crops, horses, cattle and hogs on hand; and came in again on Monday and said he had sold all but one hog. – Every man can do the same if he just makes his mind up to it. Excuses are of no earthly account – men must enlist of be drafted, and the question stands now – “Will you see the reputation of the State lowered by drafting?”
There are fifty men in the city of Macomb who have not a reasonable excuse for not serving their country in this hour of need. We know our city and county have done nobly, but does this hinder you from enlisting? We can spare 3 from the grocery stores, 3 from the dry goods stores, 3 from drug stores, 2 from the clothing stores, 2 from the boot and shoe stores, 2 from the stove stores, 3 from printing offices, 10 from the billiard room and bowling alley, 5 from the lawyer’s and doctor’s offices, and 16 from the whisky shops and corners of the streets, and the balance of the county ought to furnish fifty more, who can be spared as well as not after harvest.
Fathers and mothers, we cannot close this article without appealing to your patriotic sympathies – will you let your sons stay at home and see this most magnificent government under which you have enjoyed life, liberty and happiness so many years, crumble and fall? You will not – we know you cannot. It is only a question of time – you will let them all go when you become equally as well aware of your dangers as we.
Young wives will you stand in the way of your husbands, and sisters of your lovers, when your country is in such danger? No! the rising generation are endowed with too much patriotism to barricade the progress of civilization by letting this war go on; and hence we expect you to induce, rather than to discourage them to join the army.
From a McDonough Volunteer.
General Hospital, Hamburg, Tennessee, July 15.
Messrs. Editors: Please say to the readers of the Journal, through the columns of your paper, that for the past five or six weeks, on account of sickness, I have been debarred the pleasure of favoring you with my usual letter from camp, and that it will remain so for a while at least, until I regain sufficient strength to admit of my resuming.
Also announce to the friends of Mr. Thos. Beavens, of Prairie City, who, by means of a shell, lost his leg in the skirmish near Corinth on the 28th of May, last, that he is now an inmate of the Hospital at this place, and in company with some four of us, are awaiting the arrival of a Hospital boat, to transport us Northward. Say to them that he is in comparatively good health and that he has friend sufficient (residents of McDonough) to see that he is well cared for during the pendency of his tedious trip north. He is attended especially by Mr. S. D. Sackett, of Prairie City, who came hither to look after a diseased son now accompanying him north.
There are at present about 350 sick and disabled soldiers at this place, all awaiting the arrival of boats to go north. We cherish the hope of getting furloughed from Northern Hospitals to our own homes but do not know that we will succeed.
At what time we will get off from here and to where we will be sent is not yet disclosed to us. We presume, however, to St. Louis or Quincy. – Boats are expected every day but the river is quite low and their progress up and down must necessarily be slow.
I give you, herewith, the names of the sick soldiers from company A, of the 16th Illinois, now en route for the north. They are Chas. E. Sackett and A. W. Taylor, of Bushnell, C. R. Brandon of Macomb, and W. H. Head, of Bardolph. They are all able to take care of themselves on the trip.
The weather for the past three weeks has been excessively hot, and our soldiers in camp are dying off rapidly.
But I must close. Should I fail in getting furloughed home I will write to you again when I get north. Look out for us in McDonough soon.
- Sad Accident. – On Wednesday evening last, a son of the late G. M. Wells, aged about thirteen years, was out hunting with some other boys, and in handing his gun to a boy by the name of Chapman, it was accidentally discharged, the whole load lodging in young Wells’ shoulder. The wound was a very severe one, and it is thought will result in the loss of the use of his arm. Several pieces of the shoulder blade were taken out and the joint was badly shattered. This should be a warning to boys to be more careful in handling fire-arms.
- We were visited by one of the most terrible rain storms, on Monday last, that we have ever witnessed. As near as can be estimated 5 inches of rain fell in a few hours. Crossings were washed away, corn and other garden vegetables were destroyed, and communication with the country generally impeded.
- War Meeting. – The meeting on Saturday last, resulted in the enlistment of eight men. It ought to have been eighty.
July 26, 1862
The Ninth Congressional District.
It is time that the Democrats and other conservative men who are in favor of maintaining the Constitution inviolate in war as well as in peace were paying some thought to the congressional elections. It is important for the future prosperity of the country that the next Congress shall not be composed of fanatical abolitionists and [unclear] republicans. The ninth district is composed of the counties of McDonough, Fulton, Mason, Menard, Cass, Schuyler, Brown and Pike. A healthy political sentiment prevails in this district, and it will be no trouble to elect a sound Democrat, whose whole life has been a pledge of fidelity to the Constitution as it is and the Union as it was. There are only three months intervening before the election, and we think it prudent that some steps be taken to designate the place and the time for holding a convention to nominate a candidate for Congress. As there is no central committee in the new district, we would call the attention of our friends of the Democratic press to this matter. We would suggest that Rushville is nearer a central point than any other town in the district, and that the district convention be held there early in September – say on Thursday the 11th or on Wednesday the 16th day of that month. – What say the brethren?
A Note of Warning.
We understand that a fellow who is supposed to be a Kansas abolition jayhawker has been around this town and county for a week or ten days, ostensibly for the purpose of obtaining the names of “secesh Democrats who are to be squelched.” His real object is no doubt to make arrangements for horse-stealing, house-burning, plundering, spiced with a few murders, after the approved jayhawking fashion. This he will do under pretence of punishing those who are called “secesh Democrats” by certain republicans in Macomb. – He went away on Monday, threatening to return in a few days with his “company.” – The fellow is either a natural fool or a natural villain – and at the instance of smarter scoundrels than himself might attempt to carry their plans into execution. We are assured that if he should attempt any of this, not only he, but those in Macomb who advised him to it, will meet with short shrift. We earnestly trust that the peace of our community will not be broken, and that the fears of our friends in regard to this jayhawker and his accomplices may prove unfounded. But we know that the Democrats of this town and county will neither be intimidated by abolitionists nor robbed by jayhawkers.
- During the storm on last Friday night the lightning struck the house of J. L. Smith of Scotland township. The chimney was destroyed, the stove knocked over, and a considerable fright administered to the family. – We are also told that a house in Bushnell was set on fire by lightning and burned the same night.
- The heaviest rain that we have known for several years fell on Monday night. The level lands were flooded, and every little water-course suddenly became a torrent. The water in Crooked creek rose five or six feet in about as many hours, and then subsided almost as rapidly.