June 27, 1862
Murder in Hancock County.
The constable of Walker township committed a man names Louis Gray, to jail on Monday last on a charge of murder. The facts as reported are substantially as follows:
Gray had for some time been paying attention to a sister of James Gordon, the murdered boy; but did not meet with the desired success, and from some cause obtained the impression that her brother was instrumental in defeating his suit. On Saturday last Gray was seen to leave a meeting, which was held in the vicinity of Tioga, in company with Gordon. When he returned Gordon was not with him. Suspicion was aroused, a search instituted, and on Sabbath Morning the body of the deceased was found in the woods, some distance from the place of meeting. – The skull was fractured evidently with a club, which bore evidence of having been used, was also found lying across the body. Gray was immediately arrested, and blood was found upon his clothes, for which he attempted to account in some other way. After examination he was committed to Jail to await trial at the next Circuit Court. – Reports say that the people of the neighborhood were very much incensed and were with difficulty restrained from inflicting summary punishment upon the prisoner. Gray is between 25 and 30 years of age. The age of the murdered boy was about thirteen. All the circumstances related to us, stamp the murder as one of the most atrocious character. – Carthage Republican.
Dr. Warren Returned.
Rev. Joseph Warren, chaplain of the 26th Missouri Regiment, who was captured near Farmington, Miss., by the rebels on the 23d of May last, had arrived at Cairo Sunday last, having been discharged without parole by order of Gen. Beauregard. He was captured while visiting a sick lieutenant of the 26th Missouri, by Col. Forrest of the rebel cavalry, and taken to Corinth, where he remained till the 26th, when he was sent to Jackson. He states that as early as the 23d, the enemy commenced evacuating Corinth; that before the grand and final evacuation they carried away not less than 30,000 sick and wounded troops. Arriving at Jackson he was thrust in confinement with other prisoners.
When he left Jackson it was being evacuated. The State archives and all public and private property were being removed to Columbus, Miss., a little east of the Ohio and Mobile railroad, which the confederates say is to be their line of operations in future.
The intelligence brought by Dr. Warren was deemed so important by Gen. Wallace that he immediately dispatched a messenger to Gen. Halleck. Through the instrumentality of Dr. Warren, Col. Morehead who was skulking six miles from Memphis disguised as a Confederate picket was captured and is now a prisoner in our hands.
Off for the War.
Capt. Ervin’s company designs starting to Camp Butler on Tuesday, July 1st, on the noon train. The company goes from Camp Butler to the Camp of Instruction on the Chesapeake Bay near Annapolis, Maryland, within a few miles of the cities of Baltimore and Washington. No more desirable service has yet been offered. Our boys will get to see something of the world. Capt. Ervin wants some more men to fill up this company. If it is not filled the responsibility will rest upon those fathers who so far forget their duty to their country, as to keep their sons back. A whole regiment could be made up in McDonough county within a week if each father in it would say to his grown up boy, “My son our forefathers fought, suffered and bled to achieve our independence, and to give us this Government which has given us peace, prosperity and protection. Go where your country calls, win a share of the imperishable glory clustering around the stars and stripes, and take my blessing with you.” Fathers do your duty or you may regret for all time to come.
- The Pacific Railroad bill has passed both Houses of Congress.
Emancipating the Slaves of Rebels.
The House of Representatives on Wednesday of last week, passed the bill for the emancipation of slaves of rebels, as follows:
Of all officers of the Rebel army and navy;
Of all high rebel officers of the State, Judges, and Foreign Ministers and Council;
Of all rebel Governors and members of State Conventions, Legislatures and Judiciary;
Of all who have held office under the United States who take office in the Rebel States;
Of all who hold any office or agency whatever under the Confederate States accepted since the adoption of the Secession ordinance, of the State in which said person resides;
Of every person who, after the passage of this act, shall be in rebellion against the United States, and who shall not within sixty days return to allegiance;
All the above specified persons are disqualified from holding office under the United States. The President is authorized to negotiate for territory whereon to colonize the liberated slaves.
This bill passed by a vote of 82 against 54. Its friends are confident that it will pass the Senate without difficulty, and that the President will approve it.
July 4th, 1776.
We, the undersigned, doing business in the city of Macomb, agree to close our respective establishments during the entire day of July 4th, and would hereby give notice to our customers accordingly.
O. F. Piper, Anderson & Bro., A. J. davis, S. P. Dewey, J. Venable, W. F. A. Kohler, Updergraff & Monfort, Henry Feltger, G. W. Bailey, Chambers & Randolph, W. Whiting, H. R. Bartleson, Adler & August, Jos. Burton, B. F. Goodrich, J. W. Atkinson, J. McMillen & Co., Geo. D. Keefer, Chas. Chandler, Luther Johnson, N. P. Tinsley, W. Weatherhold, F. R. Kyle, and many others.
June 25, 1862.
Where are the Wide-Awakes?
We are still receiving responses to this inquiry, which was started derisively by some of the Democratic presses of the country. A friend in Hire has made a careful canvas of that precinct, and has sent us the result. It is found that twenty-seven persons have left that township to fight for the Union cause, of which number twenty-five are Republicans, and two Democrats! We shall in a week or two have a canvass of two or three more townships, which will throw a little further light upon the inquiry, “Where are the Wide-Awakes?”
- Volunteers. – Any persons wishing to volunteer to Capt. Ervin’s company can do so by handing in their names at any time before the train leaves. Boys ask your fathers to let you go. Fathers ask of your consciences your duty to your country. McDonough county must not falter now after having done so well.
- The Fourth. – We learn that the young gentlemen and ladies of the neighborhood of Argyle, about 9 miles west of town, have determined upon celebrating the coming fourth of July in becoming style. We have not learned their programme of particulars, but have no doubt it will be well gotten up. The people of Macomb will pass the day in quiet retirement.
June 28, 1862
“Free White Labor.”
This was one of the watchwords of the republicans in the campaign of 1860. It served to round their sentences grandly. No matter what the politicians topic of discussion, a republican could always ring the changes upon the benefits and blessings of “free white labor.” All other kinds of labor, they told us, was degrading and revolting, and hindered the development of the resources of a State and clogged the wheels of its prosperity. Under their benign rule “free white labor” was to make the southern wilderness blossom as the rose, and was to continue the North in its unexampled career of prosperity and individual wealth. Well, the republicans succeeded, and we are now beginning to feel some of the blessings they had in store for the people generally, and it will not be long ere free white laborers will come in for their particular share of the beauties of republicanism. In some parts of the country this is already being done. The Philadelphia Evening Journal says that “the great influx of negroes into Chester county, Pa., has so reduced the price of labor that the negroes actually work for ten cents a day.” The London (O.) Democrat says that a farmer in Madison county lately “discharged all his white farm hands and employed eighteen negroes sent thither by Col. Moody, at 12 1-2 cents a day.” The Dayton (O.) Empire says that “four negro blacksmiths are at work in one shop in that city, to the exclusion of white men” – that a “white man running a stationary engine in a carpenter shop had to leave and make room for a negro,” who worked for lower wages – and that various persons in that city have discharged white laborers from their employ and hired negroes at lower wages. These are but samples – but a few cases which have come to the surface – of the fate which will await farm hands, laborers, and mechanics, if republicanism is carried out. It is thus shown that “free white labor” was merely one of their numerous phrases with the aid of which they deceived people into voting their ticket. They are false to that promise, as well as to every other promise they made. Free [African-American] labor – or the compelling of white men to work at negro wages, is the sequel of all their fine promises.
- We are astonished at the number of republicans in this county who have become so thoroughly abolitionized as to vote against excluding negroes from immigrating into this State. By the returns published in another column it will be seen that 1185 votes were cast against section first, 19 against section second, and 330 against section third, of the article excluding negroes and mulattoes. In other words 1185 voters of this county have declared in favor of [African-Americans] coming into and settling in this State, 19 are in favor of such [African-Americans] voting and holding office, and 230 are in favor of their coming into the State and voting. This result, we say, we are astonished at. It shows that a majority of the republicans of this county are in favor of the unrestricted influx of negroes and mulattoes into our midst! We regret that we have to record a fact so full of shame and disgrace to our people – a fact so repugnant to the intelligence and so humiliating to the pride of white men. There are so many republicans, we know, who will regret this as much as we do, and who will be pained to learn that a majority of their political associates have become so thoroughly abolitionized. It remains for them to decide whether their self-respect, as well as their duty to their country, should not induce them to sever all association with a party a majority of whom have thus declared in favor of filling up our county with negroes and mulattoes.
From Columbus, Ky.
Correspondence of the Macomb Eagle,
You will perceive that we are at the much vaunted “Manassas of the West,” where the Ditch Digger and his ragamuffins vowed to “die in the last ditch,” i.e. Columbus. This boast, of dying in the last ditch has been made so often, that I suspect they have not yet found that last ditch.
We left Paducah on the 7th inst. and arrived here at noon the next day. Col. Noble of 2nd Cavalry started the day previous, as did also the 54th Illinois infantry – the latter coming by the river. The troops here – the 2nd and 6th cavalry, 54th and 62nd infantry and 2nd artillery (all Illinois troops), the 1st Kansas infantry, and two or three companies of regulars – have been formed into a brigade under Brig. Gen. Quinby. We are under marching orders to the South. Some assert Memphis to be our destination, and the belief prevails that we will be moved as soon as sufficient transports are furnished us.
The Mobile and Ohio Railroad, terminating at this town, is being put in repair, and will be ready for use as soon as the necessary rolling stock can be procured. This road, connecting Grand Junction and Corinth, will enable the department to transport supplies to the army direct.
Many persons have an idea that the war is nearly over; but I think not. The action of the abolitionists in Congress and in the army – there are but few in the latter – has been such as to nerve the rebels to madness and induce them never to give up. It is a great pity that we cannot contrive some plan to compel the vile abolitionists to do their own fighting – that is, to fight the rebels.
Ere you receive this, the election for the new constitution will have passed. I hope it may be adopted triumphantly, despite the intrigues and lies of the army republicans. – They have stooped to every means their low cunning could suggest, and to every species of lying, which had any appearance of yielding the fruits of the evil spirit that is in them. At the time the vote was taken in the army, the 2nd battalion of the 6th cavalry was at this post. Comp. G of that battalion are blessed with Democratic officers, and every vote in the company was polled for the new constitution. This shows what the soldiers would do, if not influenced by the lies and dictation of republican officers.
I am in no humor to write. The weather is hot, and the dust is flying in clouds, and then I am sick and tired – nay, I am disgusted – with the turn the republican abolitionists are giving to this war. The cowardly dogs! They sit idly, or loll and spout and sputter in Congress about the eternal negro, all the while endeavoring to make this a war of vengeance, while they will not so much as put the weight of their little finger to the work where there is any danger. J.M.O.