April 11 and 12, 1862

Macomb Journal
April 11, 1862

Another Great Victory!
The Battle of Pittsburg Landing.
Heavy Loss on Both Sides.
The Rebels totally Defeated and on the run.
Island No 10 Surrendered!
Many Prisoners Taken!

            We have the news of an important and glorious victory to the Federal arms in Western Tennessee.  The great battle which was expected to come off near Corinth has been fought, and the rebels have been routed with immense loss upon both sides.  It said to have been one of the greatest and bloodiest battles of modern times.  The first reports came that the loss in killed and wounded was 25,000 upon our side, and 40,000 upon the side of the enemy.  Later reports reduce the estimate, but we suppose it will be some days before we can approximate to an accurate number of the killed and wounded.

Information reached Cairo on Tuesday that on Sunday 6th, the rebel force under Beauregard attacked our forces under Grant and that the battle raged all day.

Our lines were driven in by the attack, but as the reserves were brought into action, the lost ground was regained and the rebel enemy was repulsed with terrible slaughter the attack was made near Pittsburgh landing and the battle lasted from morning till late in the afternoon.

This battle was again resumed Monday morning, and continued till four o’clock in the afternoon, when the enemy commenced their retreat, and at last accounts were still flying toward Corinth, pursued by a large force of our cavalry.

Special dispatches to the press say that the fight was brought on by a body of 300 of the 25th Missouri Regiment of Gen. Prentiss’ division, attacking the advance guard of the rebels, which were supposed to be the pickets of the enemy in front of our camp.  The confederate forces immediately advanced on Gen. Prentiss’ division, the left wing, pouring volley after volley of musketry, and riddling our camp with grape, canister and shell.  Our forces soon formed into line and returned their fire furiously, and by the time we were prepared to receive them, they turned their heaviest fire on the left and centre of Sherman’s division, and drove our men back from their camps and bringing up a fresh force opened fire on our left wing under Gen. McClernand.  This fire was returned with terrible effect by both infantry and artillery along the whole line, for a distance of over four miles.  Gen. Hurlbut’s division was thrown forward to support the centre when a desperate fight ensued.  The rebels were driven back with terrible slaughter, but soon rallied and drove back our men in turn.

When night closed the bloody scene there was no determination of the result of the struggle.  Up to this time we had received no reinforcements. – Gen. Lew Wallace failing to come to our support till the day was over, having taken the wrong road from Cramp’s Landing.  We were therefore contending against fearful odds, our forces not exceeding 38,000 men, while that of the enemy upwards of 60,000. – Our condition at this time was extremely critical.  Large numbers of men were panic stricken, others worn out by hard fighting, with the average percent of skulkers, had struggled towards the river, and could not be rallied.  Gen. Grant and staff, who had been recklessly riding along the lines during the entire day amid the unceasing storm of bullets, grape and shell, now rode from right to left, inciting our men to stand firm until our reinforcements could cross the river.  Col. Webster, chief of staff, immediately got into possession the heaviest pieces of artillery, pointing to the enemy’s right, while a large number of the batteries were planted along the entire line from the river’s bank northwest to the extreme right, some two and a half miles distant.  About an hour before dark a general cannonading was opened on the enemy from along our whole line, with a continual crash of musketry.  Such a roar was never heard on this continent; for a short time the rebels replied with vigor and effect, but their return shots grew less frequent and destructive while ours grew more rapid and more terrible. – The gunboats Lexington and Tyler, which lay a short distance off, kept raining shot on the rebel hordes.  This last effort was too much for the enemy, and ere dusk the firing had nearly ceased, when night coming on, all the combatants retired from their awful work of blood and carnage.  Our men rested on their arms in the position on the right, and met Buell’s forces from the opposite side.

In the morning, Gen. Buell having arrived, the ball was opened at daylight.  The fire soon became general along the whole line, and began to tell with terrible effect on the enemy.

Gens. McClernand, Sherman and Hurlbert’s men, though terribly jaded from the previous fighting, still maintained their honors won at Donelson, but the resistance of the rebels at all points was terrible, and worthy a better cause, but they were not enough for our undaunted bravery, and the deadly desolation produced by our artillery. – But knowing that defeat would be a death blow to their hopes, their Generals still urged on their men in the face of destruction.

About 3 o,clock p.m. Gen Grant rode to the left where the fresh regiments had been ordered, and finding the rebels wavering, sent a portion of his body-guard to the head of each five regiments, and then ordered a charge across the field, himself leading as he brandished his sword, and waved them on to the crowning victory, while cannonballs were falling like hail around him.  The men followed with a shout that sounded above the roar and din of artillery, and the rebels fled in dismay as from a destroying avalanche and never made another stand.

Gen. Buell followed the retreating rebels, driving them in splendid style and by half-past 5 o’clock the whole rebel army was in full retreat to Corinth, with our cavalry in hot pursuit.

We have taken a large amount of their artillery, and also a number of prisoners.  We lost a number of our forces, taken by the enemy, among whom is Gen. Prentiss.  Gen. P. is reported wounded.  Among the killed on the rebel side was their General-in-Chief, Sidney Johnston.  Gen. Beauregard had an arm shot off.  Generals Bragg, Breckinridge and Jackson were commanding portions of the rebel forces.

Among our officers killed and wounded the following are mentioned:

Brig. Gen. W. H. Wallace, killed.
Col. Pegram, killed.
Lieut. Col. Kyle, 41st Ind., mortally wounded.
Col. Davis, 46th Ill., mortally wounded.
Gen. W. T. Sherman, wounded in hand by cannon ball.
Col. Sweeney, 52d Ill., wounded.
Col. David Stuart, 55th Ill., shot through the breast on Sunday, returned to the field on Monday.
Co. Chas. Crufts, 31st Ill., wounded.
Col. Haynie, 48th Ill., slightly wounded.
Lieut. Col. Ransom, 11th Ill., badly wounded.
Maj. Nevins, 11th Ill., slightly wounded.
Capt. Carson, Gen. Grant’s scout, head shot off by a cannon ball.
Capt. Dillon, 18th Ill., killed.
Capt. Mace, 5th Ill., killed.
Capt. Carter, 11th Ill., killed.
Maj. Page, 57th Ill., killed.
Gen. Grant was wounded in the ankle, slightly.
Gen. Smith, severely wounded.
Maj. Hunter, 32d Ill., killed.
The latest reports say that our loss in killed, wounded and missing is not less than 5,000.


The Surrender of Island No. 10.

Island No. 10 was surrendered to Gen. Pope on Tuesday last.  Four of our gunboats ran the blockade, and getting below the Island had the rebels surrounded and at such an advantage that resistance was useless.  A large number of the rebels “skedaddled” in the night time, but dispatches say that Gen. Pope captured three Generals, six thousand prisoners of war, one hundred siege guns, several field batteries, and immense quantities of small arms, tents, wagons, horses, and provisions.  We have not lost a single man.


Macomb Eagle
April 12, 1862

Death of Capt. D. P. Wells.

The many personal friends of this gentleman will be pained to learn that he departed this life on Monday morning last, at his residence in this city.  Capt. Wells was among the first, last spring to raise a company of volunteers for the war, and has served since that time in the 16th regiment.  He occupied a high position among the officers with whom he was associated, and was loved by the men of his own company.  He was a gentleman in all the walks of private life – enterprising, generous, and honorable in all his intercourse with his fellow men.  This community, who knew and esteemed him so highly, will not soon find his vacant place filled.  A testimonial from the Masonic order will be found in another column.  We ask that some intimate friend may furnish us a review of his life and services.


Fire at Colchester.

On Monday night last a dwelling house occupied by Mr. A. Millikin was destroyed by fire.  Nearly all the furniture and goods of the family were destroyed.  The total loss is supposed to be near $1,800.  The fire originated from a defective flue.


Mr. Tinsley is just now in receipt of a heavy stock of spring and summer goods, comprising a full assortment of ladies and men’s wear.  He will sell at very low figures for cash or wheat delivered.  When you buy of Tinsley you know that you get your money’s worth.  See advertisement.


John Venable informs the people of this county that he has just filled up his store with an assortment of Woolen goods from the Hoosier Woolen Factory at Indianapolis. – These goods have a high reputation, and are not excelled for wearing quality and finish by any within reach of our readers.  Go to his store when you want to buy goods or sell wool.


The Chicago Store, under the management of Chambers & Randolph, is still drawing a large trade.  Frequent receipts of new goods, low prices, attractive styles, good quality, and uniform courtesy to customers, will enable this house to do an extensive business.  Give it a call and see.


The weather has been very wet, cold, and disagreeable for a week past.  Farming operations will be much retarded.


Our friend Marvel Bean walked into our office the other day and presented us a fine, large bacon ham, well cured and smoked. – That’s the way to do it.  No better meat can be found anywhere than Mr. Bean’s.


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