January 24 and 25, 1862

Macomb Journal
January 24, 1861

Not withstanding the general derangement of trade throughout the country, it is a matter of much gratification to the people of Macomb that the business men of the place during the past year have enjoyed a trade that will favorable compare with previous years.  Several of our merchants inform us that their business has increased, and as the ruinous credit system is now about out of date in this latitude, this increase of trade is a sure indication of genuine prosperity and demonstrates the fact that Macomb is not of mushroom growth, but is a city that has a solid basis, and which [?] grow in size and increase in trade for many years to come.  We notice that people are now coming from Hancock, Schuyler, Fulton and Henderson counties to trade at Macomb.  And it is a fact worthy of mention, that Groceries, dry Goods, Hardware, &c., are sold here at as low rates as the same could be obtained for at Chicago, and even cheaper than can be bought at Quincy.  The secret of this is that the most of our merchants buy for cash, and sell only at a small advance above cost.  This fact is making itself felt throughout the surrounding counties, and by the aid of a little printer’s ink the advantages of Macomb as a trading point might be more thoroughly and widely set forth, and thus bring money into the pockets of our merchants and enable the printer to pay his debts.

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Death of Ex-President Tyler. – This old rebel died at Richmond on Friday night last, the 18th inst.

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A “Forward Movement.” – Our city was startled last Sunday afternoon by the shrill whistle of a locomotive, which came driving through the city about three o’clock.  There was nothing unusual in the whistle, only it is not common for us to hear it on Sundays.  This locomotive it appears was acting as scout for an immense train of two locomotives and forty cars, which was following, containing a Wisconsin regiment, destined for Fort Leavenworth to form a part of Gen. Lane’s army. – The train passed through without stopping.  It reached Quincy early in the morning of the next day, and the soldiers took up a line of march for Hannibal, a distance of twenty miles, where they would take the cars again.

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Cold Weather. – Since our last publication day we have experienced some severe cold weather.  On Monday morning the mercury indicated 14 degrees below zero.  The cold snap was preceded by a little thaw and much slush, and the consequence was that the face of the earth hereabouts has been covered with a thick glaze of ice, rendering it rather difficult for pedestrians to exercise their locomotive powers. – On Tuesday the weather moderated slightly, and in the evening we were made the recipients of about four inches of snow.  The sleighing is now superb, an excellent time for subscribers to haul us wood in payment for subscriptions to the Journal.

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Resigned. – Col. L. H. Waters, of this city, has resigned his commission as Lieut. Col. of the 28th Regiment, and has arrived home.  We have not yet had the pleasure of seeing the Col. and can therefore say nothing of the causes which led to his resignation.

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A Riot at Colchester. – On Tuesday evening last forty-six persons were brought to this city under arrest, charged with participation in a riot at Colchester.  The coal miners of that place it appears are on a strike and have been interfering with those who are disposed to work for what they can get.  The examination of these persons is going on before Judge Chandler at the Court House, as we go to press.

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Macomb Eagle
January 25, 1862

Revenue for State Purposes.

            Would it not be well for the convention in session at Springfield to consider the propriety of abolishing all taxation upon lands for State purposes and to collect an export duty upon all products shipped from the State in lieu thereof?  This may be a novel idea to some, but we think it is not destitute of claim to a sound policy, as well as elements of popular favor.  As the law now is, lands are taxed whether they are productive or unproductive: it makes no difference whether the farmer has his crops and stock on hand, or whether he has sold them, or whether he has only enough to subsist his own family – the tax upon his land is collected all the same.  Under the proposed regulation no man would have a State tax to pay – except on personal property – until his crops were sold, when it would be paid indirectly and almost insensibly.  The land tax operates very oppressively and unequally.  One farm may net its owner a thousand dollars a year, while another by the side of it may not pay its owner one hundred dollars; yet the latter pays as much tax as the former, and of course at a great inconvenience and often a positive sacrifice of property.  The proposition we speak of would obviate this injustice.  It would oppress no man – it would collect no burdensome taxes from any one whose misfortunes had prevented the making of a remunerative crop.  The tax would come only from those who would be well able to pay it – and they would only have to make payment when it was convenient or profitable for them to do so in the sale of their products.  We think there need be no fear that the revenue for State expenditures would be jeopardized.  If we take into consideration the millions of bushels of grain and the hundreds of thousands of hogs and cattle which are sold out of the State every year, it must be apparent that a small duty on these exports would be amply sufficient for our State government.  We have not the data at hand necessary to make a calculation, but the products exported by a population of nearly two millions of agricultural people must necessarily be so large that a very small per cent would be sufficient to raise the required amount.  We have thrown these thoughts hastily together, for the purpose of directing public attention to the subject, and would be glad to hear from our readers what they think of it.

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Three righteous men were required to save a city in ancient times from a visitation of Divine wrath.  If one man’s political righteousness will save Macomb now, ought not the republicans and sinners to be thankful therefor?  And should not that man be considered almost good enough for vice-chairman of an “unconditional fusion republican meeting,” or to report resolutions for their adaptations?

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Sugar and Sirup. – Mr. S. C. Wade brought us a sample of sugar which he has made from the sorghum cane of last year’s growth.  It was well grained, of good flavor, and only needed draining to make it equal to the common brown sugar of the southern cane.  Mr. W. also brought us a half gall of his sirup, which has a fine body, and is pronounced as good an article as has ever come to our table.

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Samuel Harper McCandless died at his residence in Mound township, on Monday morning last.  He was an influential citizen – had been a member of the board of supervisors for several terms, and was at the time of his death a member of the Legislature of this State.

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The largest hog that we have heard of in this county was fattened by Mr. James Russell, of Eldorado township.  Its weight was 798 pounds gross.  Who can beat it?

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The snow still hugs the ground, and the sleighing is magnificent as ever.  The weather has been several degrees warmer than last week.

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We understand there is, or has been, a good deal of sickness in this county, but it generally yields to skillful treatment.

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Mr. Wyne requests us to state that hereafter the post office will be open on Sundays, from 9 ½ to 10 ¼ o’clock a. m.

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Boiler Explosion. – Last Friday about noon, the boiler of the steam saw mill, Wm. G. Bond, Esq., of Swan township, blew up, and killed one man named William Pattison, blowing him about sixty feet, and killing him almost instantly.  He leaves a wife and four children.  The explosion carried away a shed sixty feet long.  The cause of the explosion is unknown. – Monmouth Review.

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