November 15 and 16, 1861

Macomb Journal
November 15, 1861

What the Victory Means.

“All summer the abolition organ in Macomb has sedulously asserted that a Democratic victory in this county would be equivalent to a secession triumph – that the Democrats were in fact secessionists and were seeking to aid in the rebellion.  This story has been echoed by all the street loafers and cross road politicians, and no doubt many of them actually believed it.  Now that the Democratic Union party has triumphed – and that too upon their old principles and platform – we are just the least bit curious to see whether these fellows will repeat their falsehood or retract it.” – Macomb Eagle.

Just as we expected.  Now that the election is over, and the Union ticket defeated, the Eagle boasts that they triumphed on “their old principles and platform.”  The platform was that in which they declared in favor of supporting the government in a vigorous prosecution of the war.  Now they fall back on their “old principles and platform,” – those they put forth all over the county when they first began to move in the matter of the fall election, wherein they “cordially endorse” the traitor Breckenridge, and declare that this war is unholy, unjust, unconstitutional and inhuman, and that Lincoln ought to recognize the Southern Confederacy as an independent nation, and that every life taken in this war is as unjustifiable as though taken contrary to civil law.  These are their old principles.  The Eagle itself is careful to make the distinction, and claim the triumph on the “old principles.”

But the Eagle is curious to see whether we will retract a falsehood. – When the Eagle shall prove a falsehood on us we will make haste to retract it.  We have sedulously asserted that a Democratic victory in this county upon such sentiments as have been put forth by the Eagle, and upon such principles as have been enunciated by the Democrats of Tennessee and other townships, would be equivalent to a secession triumph.  We have not changed our opinion.  And now, if the Eagle claims that they have triumphed on these old principles, then we say it is equivalent to a secession triumph.  We recognize, practically, no difference between a full fledged traitor, and a man who may shout in favor of the “Constitution and the Union,” and at the same time declare the present war unholy, inhuman and unjust, and that the Southern Confederacy ought to be recognized as an independent nation.  The man who says the United Stated Government has no use for Forts Sumter or Pickens, because they are in the jurisdiction of “another nation,” to our way of thinking is a traitor at heart – a secessionist if you please – and we have no falsehood to retract when we charge such a man with being a secessionist.  And if a combination of men, let them take what name they please, proclaim their endorsement of the same sentiments, then we say they are all secessionists.  The point is clear, and the language plain.  Let the Eagle wiggle out of this just conclusion if it can.


A Serious Shooting Affair.

A Serious shooting affair occurred at Tennessee, in this county, on Monday last.  It appears that a young man named Young, a member of Co. C, Ill. 16th Regiment, who had obtained a furlough for a visit to his friends near Colchester, had remained over his allotted time, and two soldiers claimed to have authority to arrest and return him to his regiment.  The soldiers with their prisoner took the cars at Colchester on their way to Quincy.  The prisoner was provided with no pass, and the conductor insisted that he could not go over the road without a pass, and he should be obliged to put him off the train unless his fare was paid.  Some sort of a conflict arose which resulted in the prisoner being taken before a Justice of the Peace at Tennessee, and fined $10 for assault on the conductor.  Young, the prisoner, carried with him his musket, which was loaded; and as the train was about to leave the station at Tennessee, he deliberately raised his musket and fired at an individual he supposed to be the conductor, but who happened to be Jas. Randolph, of this place, a young man about 21 years of age, who has recently been engaged as a clerk in a store at Tennessee.  The ball took effect in the thigh, and from its peculiar course and lodgement cannot well be extricated.  The young man was brought to the house of his uncle, Mr. W. H. Randolph, of this city, where he now lies in a critical condition.  Young was promptly arrested and committed to jail.  Mr. Randolph had no acquaintance with the prisoner, and was at the depot for the purpose of purchasing a newspaper of the train boy.


Macomb Eagle
November 16, 1861

Aiding the Rebellion.

The absolute folly (to call it by no worse name) of stigmatizing Democrats as “secessionists,” “disunionists,” etc., is fully apparent since the election.  If the republican papers told the truth when they thus denounced the Democracy, there is a “secession” majority in the constitutional convention and the “disunionists” have a large majority of the popular vote!  Just think of that!  Illinois voting to join the Confederate States, according to republican journals!  Do they not now see how they are aiding and comforting the rebels, by thus falsely denouncing a majority of the people of this State as ready to unite with the southern confederacy?  The falsehood be upon them, for they told it willfully and maliciously.


Light. – Coal oil is becoming more extensively used every day.  To the dangers of camphene and burning fluid are now to be added high prices.  Coal oil gives a better light than fluid, and at half the expense.  Mr. Burton, who introduced this oil and the lamps to burn it in this community, still keeps an extensive assortment of lamps and chimneys, and sells these and the oil at very low rates, as will be seen by advertisement in this paper or by calling at his store.


Sorghum Syrup. – We have received a few responses to our request for the amount of syrip manufactured in this county.  We think the amount will foot up many thousand gallons.  Mr. Andrew Anstine, of Industry, brought us a specimen of his manufacture, which stood the test of warm biscuit and hot buckwheat cakes most admirably, and was pronounced A No. 1.


War Meeting. – There will be a mass meeting held at Industry, on Monday the 18th, at 6 o’clock p.m., for the purpose of recruiting for a military company now being raised in this county.  Speeches will be made by Hon. James C. Campbell and Hon. J. C. Thompson.


High Freight Discouraging to the Western Farmer.

Notwithstanding the fair prices current for farm products in the eastern markets, and the heavy foreign demand, western farmers, owing to the high rates of freight, realize but little for their produce.  The following table shows what it costs to purchase a bushel of corn in the centre of the State of Illinois and land it at the port of Liverpool:


One bushel corn: ………………………10
Freight to Chicago:………………………….11
Lake freight to Buffalo………………..22
Elevating at Buffalo…………………..1/2
Canal Freight to New York……………18 ½
Transfer in New York…………………..1
Insurance from Chicago to Liverpool…..3
Ocean Freight………………………….22

Cost of corn in Liverpool………………90

This state of things is producing great discouragement at the west, and all through Illinois and Iowa farmers are resolving to turn their attention from grain growing to stock raising.  The result of this will be, ultimately, a scarcity of breadstuffs and an excess of stock.  We have sometimes heard of corn being used for fuel, but were slow to credit the reports.  We are now assured, however, by a prominent business man of Iowa, that ear corn is actually the cheapest fuel to be found there, and it is being used as a substitute for wood.  At Clinton, on the Mississippi river, oats can be purchased in large quantities at ten cents per bushel.  All the hogs to be had are being fed, in order to dispose of the surplus grain, but the supply of sacking is inadequate.  This is much better than a famine, of course; but it is anything but a favorable report for the farming community of that section, financially considered.  It is rather hard living when a bushel of corn will not buy a pound of sugar.  What is the cause of this?  The crops have been good, but not superabundant.  There is a heavy foreign demand, and prices on the seaboard are now low.  Still farmers in the west realize little or nothing for their grain.  What is the cause?  Look at the figures given above.

It costs fifty-five cents to transfer a bushel of corn from central Illinois to New York! which is one hundred and fifty per cent. more than it costs to carry it from New York to Liverpool.  It was not so a year ago.  It has never been so since the introduction of railroads and canals.  Why is it so now, with all the modern improvements – screw propellers on our lakes – steam on canals and railroads in almost every direction?  The Mississippi is closed.  That’s the reason.  The railroads say they can’t do the business and therefore they put up prices.  So do lake and canal navigators.  This is not the true reason, however, for the Mississippi has not for some years floated a very large proportion of the property designed for foreign markets; but the river competition is out of the way, and managers of other channels have it in their power to charge exhorbitant rates.  The moment this power got within their reach they grasped it, and now the people are getting a return for the liberal land grants, charters, &c., given to railroad companies.  We are told that railroads are compelled to charge high on eastward freight, because there is very little property coming westward.  But are not the railroads in a manner responsible for this?  How long will it be before westward business will increase, while it costs six times as much to get a bushel of corn to New York as the producer gets for it on the western prairie?  Can this traffic be improved by impoverishing consumers?  The railroads are making money now; but there is a future for them that is not very bright.



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