October 18 and 19, 1861

Macomb Journal
October 18, 1861

The Eagle Crawfishing.

The Eagle is trying to escape through a very small hole from the odium which it has incurred by its secesh utterings.  After denouncing Mr. Lincoln over and over again for opposing the Mexican war, it now attempts to shield itself by assuming to occupy the same position in reference to the present war that Mr. Lincoln did to the Mexican war.  This dodge won’t answer.  The cases are not parallel.  Mr. Lincoln never said, “If war must come, let Democrats fight it [?].  Listen to what the Eagle says:

If war does come it will not be the fault of any Democrat.  Let those who shall cause it fight it out.  Let Democrats cultivate their fields, work at their benches and pursue their usual business.

Mr. Lincoln never proposed to cut off the supplies of our starving soldiers or yield one inch of our territory to an enemy.  Listen to what the Eagle says:

If the administration wants to hold those forts (Sumter and Pickens) it wants to do it for the purpose of aggressive measures against the Confederate States; it wants them as a basis of operations, from whence are to issue armies for the CONQUEST of AN INDEPENDENT NATION;     and to reduce a free people [?]

The Eagle made use of the above language because it was proposed by the Administration to supply Maj. Anderson and his soldiers in Fort Sumter with provisions, after their supplies had been cut off by the rebels of South Carolina.  And now the Eagle whiningly complains that we quote from what it said before the war commenced, to show what its was after it commenced.  We have quoted the above, that the Eagle was in favor of disunion – in favor of our government recognizing the Southern Confederacy as an independent nation, and it has never yet published one word of retraction, or even said that it had changed its opinion.  But, on the contrary, after the war commenced – after Fort Sumter was bombarded, and when the Rattlesnake flag was floating from its summit, and when our National capital was threatened by Jeff. Davis’ army, the Eagle reiterates and reaffirms all that it has said in the following language:

We have “surrendered” nothing of our opinions or principles.  We have published nothing in these columns in relation to the conduct of the Administration that was inappropriate to the time and the circumstances – NOTHING FROM WHICH WE WOULD ERASE A WORD OR EXPUNGE A SENTENCE.

We know that the Eagle now wishes to be understood as in favor of a “vigorous prosecution of the war.”  That is easily accounted for.  An election is approaching, and the Eagle discovers that it has not been able to educate the people to its notion – that we have no use for Forts Sumter or Pickens – that the Democrats should stay at home and let others fight the battles – that Lincoln ought to recognize the Southern Confederacy as an independent nation – but on the contrary it sees, and we have no doubt it deplores the fact, that the great heart of the people yet beats warm for the Union, and is ready to vote all the men and money which may be necessary to suppress the rebellion.  We say we have no doubt the Eagle deplores this fact.  The evidence is overwhelming – is conclusive – that the editor of the Eagle is opposed to the prosecution of the present war.  It is not three months since he devoted a large space of his paper to the speech of Vallandingham, who voted against every proposition in the late session of Congress to raise men or money to execute the war.  Will the Eagle dare to say it did not “cordially endorse” the acts of Vallandingham?  It has constantly labored to breed discontent among the people, by frequent allusions to the enormous cost of the war, the high taxes, and low prices.  It has carried this spirit so far as to figure up the expense of the war to the hour – to the minute – and to the second, and with many astonishing marks has paraded these figures in order that it might have its effect on the minds of the poor and ignorant.  But now the Eagle editor can talk about a prosecution of the war – yes, a “vigorous prosecution of the war.”  And when his own sentiments are quoted on him, he attempts to dodge the contempt and detestation they merit, by comparing himself to Mr. Lincoln, and insinuations about “before and after” the war.  The Eagle would evince more honesty if, in explaining its variations of sentiment, it would use the words “before and after the election.”


Col. L. H. Waters. – We have had a visit for a few days past from Lieut. Col. Waters of the 28th Illinois Regiment, now stationed at Fort Holt, Kentucky.  The Col. looks hale and hearty as though soldier life agreed with him.  He reports the McDonough boys in camp all well and in fine spirits.  He departed on his return yesterday morning.


The 16th Regiment. – The 16th is still stationed at St. Jo.  Several of the boys have come home on furlough for a few days.  We learn that there have been recently a few promotions in the regiment.  Orderly Sergeant E. K. Westfall, of Co. B, has been promoted to 2d Lieutenant.  A. J. Chapman, of the same company, from Corporal to Orderly.  Lieut. Abe Rowe, has been promoted to the Captaincy of Co. C, Capt. Patrick having resigned.


The City Newsboy. – We are under obligations to Bub Westfall, the city newsboy, for late papers.  Bub delivers the papers to customers at the earliest possible hour.


The Oyster Season. – Lane, of the American House, is making active preparations for the winter campaign.  He has enlarged his saloon, and fitted up [?] and convenient stalls for those who wish to enjoy a quiet dish of oysters. – His first installment of oysters came a few days since, and he is now prepared to meet all demands.


Macomb Eagle
October 19, 1861

To the Conservative Republicans.

We wish to call your attention to a few facts.  The issue before the country is, shall secessionism and abolitionism be destroyed, and the government be maintained; or shall the government be destroyed, and secessionism and abolitionism be triumphant?  You have to take one or the other of these positions. – Which side are you on?  What we mean by abolitionism is, the emancipation of the negro slaves, by the government or by the army. – The issue against this abolitionism must be as sharply defined, as it is against secessionism.  You have been acting with these abolitionists; they have formed part of the republican party.  The party is broken and disbanded, and can never be reunited.  The abolitionists are forming a party, with a head and front.  It’s cry is emancipation.  You have to act with them, or against them.  You can oppose them powerfully and effectively by acting with the Union party – the Democratic Union party.  Let us suggest for your reflection a few facts and queries:

  • The abolition party rises as the country sinks.  Its destruction will be the country’s prosperity.  This is an awful fact, and it ought to arouse every patriotic heart among you.  For the love of that country, which contains all that you hold dear, will you sink as that country rises?  Will you cling to abolitionism, which can only rise as that betrayed and lacerated country sinks?
  • This treasonable cry of emancipation has served the cause of the rebellion better than an English army of 50,000 men could have done.  It has cost the country thousands of lives and hundreds of millions of dollars.  It is adding to your taxes every day.  Will you not array yourselves against it?
  • This abolitionism sets at naught the Constitution, and rebels against the authority of the President.  It sees no glory in the triumph of American arms, unless a negro is set free.  Every enforcement of the Constitution and the laws removes to a distance the prize which their eyes and efforts are directed.
  • This abolitionism opposed and defeated every measure offered as a pacification of our troubles.  The country is on the brink of perdition, and they want to envelope all in one common ruin.  They can see no salvation for the country, except at the price of degrading the white man to the level of the negro.
  • Do you revere the memory of Washington – do you love the maxims he left for the people to observe?  He raised his voice against this spirit of abolitionism and warned you to beware of it.  He pronounced the strongest condemnation upon –
  1. All obstructions, of whatever kind, to the execution of the laws;
  2. All combinations to direct, control, or awe the constituted authorities;
  3. They have combined to control the constituted authorities;
  4. They have wickedly excited a dire hostility against the Southern States;
  5. They are now endeavoring by a course of the most inflammatory and violent publications to prepare the people for a dissolution of the Union, or the emancipation of the negroes.
  • In fine, all the steps they take and their whole course of proceedings are in direct hostility to the Constitution and the advice and practice of Washington and the Fathers of the Republic.
  • Conservative republicans: can you any longer act with this accursed abolitionism, or can you escape the conviction that it is your duty to resist its open and secret emissaries on every possible occasion?  The two parties are before you with their platforms.  Read them – ponder on the above facts – and we are confident that sooner or later your patriotic hearts will strike out boldly for that party which opposes all the enemies of our Constitution and our country.


  • We are told that Mr. Van Vleck had an appointment at the Hickory Grove school-house, in the township of Walnut Grove, last Thursday night.  To destroy the virus of any “abolition pills” that may have been then and there scattered about, Mr. Thompson will, on Saturday night, apply a Democratic Union antidote at the same place.  Let the people attend.


  • A number of free fights have occurred in town during the past week – caused by politics, whisky, or something else.  We mention no names, for the parties are no doubt heartily ashamed of their conduct. – The good name of our town ought not to be tarnished by such violent demonstrations.


  • We cannot waste time with the Quincy Herald until after the election.  Its attempt to draw our fire from its republican friends here, and direct it toward such a “dead hoss” as it is, is perfectly understood and properly appreciated.


  • A party of young men left town on Wednesday morning, on an excursion to the Mississippi river.  They go to hunt, fish, and “have a time,” generally.  If they go near the water, they will probably get more ducks than anything else.


  • More Apples. – We are indebted to W. B. Nile, Esq., of Industry township, for a bushel or more of Rambo and bell-flower apples. – They were very large, choice fruit – such as our good Democratic farmers know how to raise.


  • J. C. Thompson, Esq., has been attending the Hancock circuit court.  This gentleman is fast building up a reputation for legal ability which will render him second to no attorney in this part of the State.


  • Last week one abolitionist discontinued his subscription to The Eagle – he couldn’t stand the fire.  Since then we have added the names of ten good Union men to our subscription books.  It is all right.


Our Dick on Geography.

We have been questioning our Dick on Geography, and think he’ll get through this world very well with what he knows about it.  Hear him:

‘Dick, what is geography?’

‘Geography is a description of the earth’s upper crust generally found in bootstores, meeting-houses and where nothing else ever was.’

‘How is the surface of the earth divided?’

‘By earthquakes, railroads, towns, and canals.’

‘Is there more water than land upon the earth?’


‘How is it called?’

‘Oceans, seas, still-slop, rivers, mud-puddles and pain-gas.’

‘With what is the ocean inhabited?’

With sharks, codfish, busted up steamboats, oysters, clams, whales, crabs, and [slave] ships.’

‘With what is the land inhabited?’

‘With caravans, porter houses, lawyers, loafers, editors, dandies, fiddlers and rum shops.’

‘Do ships sail on the ocean?’

‘Sometimes they do, and sometimes they don’t, it’s all owing to the circumstance, they sail on the ocean when they ain’t on the dry-dox.’

‘What is an Island?’

‘An Island is a place inhabited by musketeers, gal-knippers, and many other varments.  Very few people can live in these Islands.’

‘What is a Cape?’

‘An article worn by women, firemen, and wide-a-wakes (now known as go-to-sleeps,) is sometime found running into the sea and ocean.’

‘What is a river?’

‘A railroad for steam tugs, lumber rafts, and various other instruments to run up and down.’

‘Who are the happiest people on the earth?’

‘Actors in hard luck, a loving couple that can’t agree, saddlers and soldiers.’

‘Who are the most miserable?’

‘Doctors, debtors, boarding-house keepers, brokers, merchants, editors, printers and fiddlers.’

‘That’s very good, Dick, but tell us again who are the happiest people on earth.’

‘Married men, loafers, fiddlers, and black legs.’

We are sorry to say that we kicked our boots off in attempting to send him from our sanctum in a speedy manner, whereupon he turned on us and soon had possession of the room.


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