October 4 and 5, 1861

Macomb Journal
October 4, 1861

The Eagle’s Record in favor of Secession.

Of all the papers that find their way into this office, there is not one that will compare with the Macomb Eagle for downright, shameless effrontery and brazen impudence.  It is a notorious fact, that the Eagle has all along been opposed to the prosecution of the war against the seceding States; it has even recognized the independence of the Southern Confederacy; if has endorsed Vallandingham, who refused to vote for a man or a dollar to prosecute the war; it has declared the course of the Administration to the seceding States, to be as wicked as the British Government was to the colonies; it has said there could be no dishonor in recognizing the independence of the Confederate States, and yet in last weeks issue, in cool defiance of all former declarations, it proclaims that the “war for the preservation of the government must be vigorously prosecuted to the end,” and in an article in reply the Quincy Herald, denies that it ever said a word calculated to lead its readers into secession and treason [. . .] article, a sentence, or a paragraph from its columns to sustain such an accusation.  The Herald has resolved to pay no further attention to the Eagle, which may account for the boldness assumed in defying the Herald to quote from its columns any of its treasonable articles.  That the Eagle has published articles calculated to lead its readers into secession and treason is a notorious fact, easily proved.  We invite attention to the following, taken from the editorial columns of the Macomb Eagle, of April 13th, 1861.  Speaking of the design on the part of the administration to hold and occupy Forts Sumter and Pickens, it says:

“If the Administration wants to hold those forts, it wants to do it for the purpose of aggressive measures against the Confederate States; it wants them as a basis of operations from whence are to issue armies for the conquest of an INDEPENDENT NATION, and to reduce a FREE PEOPLE to the condition of vassals and serfs.”

How do the loyal Democrats of McDonough county like the tone of that sentence?  Does it sound so much like favoring a vigorous prosecution of the war?  Does it not recognize the Southern Confederacy as a free and independent nation? – Does it not characterize the Administration as tyrants and despots, striving to reduce a free people to the condition of vassals and serfs? – And yet the writer of that same paragraph now professes to be in favor of a vigorous prosecution of the war against that same “independent nation,” against that same “free people,” whom to conquer is to reduce to the condition of vassals and serfs.  And he grows indignant, and talks of his loyalty and patriotism, and denounces as liars all who assert that he ever wrote any thing calculated to favor secession and treason.

But we have a little more of the same serf:

“We repeat that the administration has no practical use for Sumter or Pickens, except as a standing menace and defiance to another power; and the attempted re-inforcement of these fortresses, after the repeated declarations of the Confederate States that such reinforcement would be resisted to the last extremity, can be regarded in no other light than as a willful and deliberate intention on the part of Lincoln and his abolition advisors to wage a war of aggression, of conquest, of subjugation, against those States.  If he does not wish to do this, there can be NO DISHONOR IN RECOGNIZING THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES, or at least in first exhausting all peaceable negotiations.”

“There can be no dishonor in recognizing the independence of the Confederate States!”  Who said that?  Nelson Abbott, of the Macomb Eagle. – Who says that to hold Forts Sumter and Pickens is a “standing menace and defiance to ANOTHER POWER?” – Nelson Abbott, of the Macomb Eagle – the same man who now, in view of the approaching election, is vehement in his declamations against that other power, and says that if necessary the rebels must be slaughtered with a terrible slaughter!  And yet the editor of the Eagle never said a word in favor of secession.  Out upon such hypocrisy, such mean duplicity.

Another extract:

“The “seceding States” are perfectly indifferent as to what we of the North may do in regard to negro slavery. – They “claim” to have a separate and independent sovereignty, and have no more desire or expectation of shaping or influencing the legislation of the northern States, than they have of influencing the legislation of the Canadian provinces.  That they would like to see the [. . .] understand and acknowledge the natural status of the negro, is probable enough.  But that they want us, who are living under ANOTHER GOVERNMENT and in another climate, to “love slavery” and “assist in its expansion,” etc., is an idea so foolish that none but an abolitionized brain could conceive of it.”

Here we have the cool and broad assertion that we “are living under another government,” and to make it more emphatic, “another climate.”  Is it for such sentiments as these that certain Democrats in different townships have endorsed the Eagle as worthy of support?

One more extract:

“The whole conduct of the administration is brimful of taunts and menaces towards the South – insulting and spurning them – and then defying the Confederate States to help themselves.  It is pursuing the same policy toward the Confederates, that the British crowns pursued toward the Colonies.  It initiates measures to bring on hostilities – it carries out plans to provoke a war – and then hypocritically says to the people it would subjugate and destroy, “the government will not assail you.”  The continued possession of forts and the maintaining of armies in the territory of ANOTHER NATION is tantamount to a declaration of war.”

Citizens of McDonough County. – The above extracts, and many more of the same quality that we might quote, reflect the sentiments of the Macomb Eagle.  That paper has been endorsed by a party which is striving to fill our stripe.  Shall they succeed?  Let the loyal, the patriotic, and the Union-loving people of the county answer with a loud and emphatic NO!


Macomb Eagle
October 5, 1861

Union and Harmony.

The Democratic Union convention to-day should be characterized by entire unanimity of action and harmony of feeling.  The republicans and Fremonters are anxious that there should be some vital disagreement of jarring discord in the convention, which would end in the alienation of a portion of the delegates and in ill-feeling toward the ticket they put in nomination.  There is no necessity for the Democracy to gratify their enemies in this respect; on the contrary they owe a united front, and a firm determination to be at peace among themselves at all events, no less to the country than to their self-respect.  We feel confident that every delegate to the Union convention will cordially second our wishes, because they agree with the promptings of the highest patriotism.  The republicans have sought for months past, by threats of lynching, and mobbing, and hanging, to exasperate the Democrats of this county, hoping to drive them, while thus justly angered, into a position at variance with the principles of Democracy and of a hearty support of the Constitution and the government.  We trust the action of the convention today will show to these fanatical agitators that their purposes are known and properly appreciated – that the Democracy still know their rights and dare maintain them – that they freely acknowledge their duty to the general government in this, as well as in any other hour of peril, and thus acknowledging are prompt to extend every aid in their power to preserve the Union of the States.


“Unconditional Unionism.”

The republicans who made the call for the “unconditional Union” movement have made the Macomb Journal their “organ.”  That paper condemns the efforts of the President to have the officers of the army act in conformity to the laws of the Union.  It makes a great fuss if a negro slave is “delivered up on claim” of the owner, in accordance with the Constitution.  And it thinks the President’s determination to make Fremont obey the law of Congress is “inexcusable.”  Is that “unconditional Unionism?”  Are we to judge of the party by the “organ” which assumes to speak for it?  Is it possible for any Democrat, who has been in favor of the execution of all the laws, to be deceived into supporting men for office, who thus denounce the enforcement of the laws?  Nary Democrat in that black-feathered crowd!


Death from Eating Wild Parsnip. – We regret to learn that Mr. George Walters, formerly of Bushnell, in this county, died at Quincy on Friday last from the effects of eating wild parsnips.  On the day before, Mr. Walters, with two other young men, while taking a walk in the woods, dug up and ate what they supposed to be ginseng or spikenard, but which turned out to be wild parsnips.  Two of the party ate so much as to induce vomiting, and thus saved their lives.  Walters partook of it sparingly and was unable to eject the poisonous matter from his stomach; and before medical aid could reach him he was beyond recovery.  Mr. Walters was a young man of unusual promise, active, intelligent, and possessed of superior business abilities.


We understand that Capt. D. P. Wells is again suffering from ill-health, and that he is expected home by his family.  He is one of the ablest officers of the 16th regiment, and he cannot well be spared from active service.  No one can regret his poor health more than he does himself.  He has lately been acting as provost marshal of St. Joseph, Mo. – the arduous duties of which he has discharged with efficiency and impartiality.


We learn that James C. Clarke, son of James Clarke, Esq., had a thigh-bone broken the other day in St. Louis, by the falling of his horse.  He enlisted in the 2nd cavalry, U.S.A., about two years ago.  He was in the battle of Wilson’s creek, and carries on body a slight mark of the memorable affair.  The accident at St. Louis may possibly render him unfit for further service in the army.


A Large Apple. – Mr. B. T. Naylor brought to our office on Thursday the largest apple that we have seen in Illinois.  It weighed twenty-seven and a half ounces, and was “large in proportion.”  It is of the kind called Monster Pippin – a very appropriate name certainly.  If anybody can beat that we should like to hear of it.


The Masonic Grand Lodge, lately in session at Springfield, elected P. M. Blair, of Paris, G.M., and S. C. Toler, of Jonesboro, D.G.M.


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