September 20 and 21, 1861

Macomb Journal
September 20, 1861

Fremont’s Proclamation.

The President has countermanded that portion of Fremont’s Proclamation relating to the freedom of the Slaves of rebels.  This action of the President is very much to be regretted, and seems to us inexcusable.  The voice of the people was quite unanimous in approving Fremont’s policy.  Indeed, it was already working most beneficially in Missouri, carrying terror and dismay into the ranks of the enemy.  We verily believe that Fremont’s policy will have to be carried out before this rebellion is suppressed, and the sooner the better.  This is not the time to take steps backwards.


A Rebuke to the Macomb Eagle.

We publish in another column an excellent article from the Quincy Herald in rebuke to the Macomb Eagle.  The Herald speaks plainly, and well it may.  The secession sympathies of the Eagle are so apparent that it is a reproach to all who give it countenance and support.  We notice that the Eagle is scornfully repudiateed away down in Egypt.  The Carbondale Times, the Democratic organ of Jackson County, reads the Eagle a severe lecture for its secesh leanings.  We learn that many Democrats in various parts of the county – who have been subscribers to the Eagle from its commencement, have refused to receive it any longer.  The Herald well remarks that, “if the Democracy of McDonough, under the lead of the Macomb Eagle, take sides with the enemies of our government in this way, they will be badly beaten at the polls in November, and ought to be.”


Just So. – The Democrats of Littleton, Schuyler county, come right to the point, and say:

RESOLVED, that we are opposed to the abolition of slavery in the South by the Congress of the United States or otherwise.

We have suspected that all along.


  • The white-feathered Democracy of Sciota township, anxious that their proceedings should be published in some respectable paper, requests the Journal to copy them from the Eagle.  Our self respect prompts us to decline.  Why, even the Eagle felt impelled to suppress one of their resolutions.


  • “The Journal wants to know what Compromise we have to make with Abolitionists.  We answer, the same that we have with secessionists – a compromise that will forever exclude them from political power.” – [Macomb Eagle.


Very good; and since the only political power ever attained by secessionists in the councils of the nation was by the aid of the party with which the Eagle has ever been identified, we greet the above as an indication of a change of policy.  And since it is a cardinal principal with Abolitionists not to vote for any officer who has to swear to support the constitution, the Eagle may dispel all fears about their ever attaining any political power in this country.


The McDonough Peace Men.

From the Quincy Herald, Sep. 16th.

The Macomb Eagle finds fault with our remarks upon the position assumed by a meeting of peace men recently held in that county.  It construes our remarks into an attack upon the “McDonough Democracy.”  It says that “many men” up there apprehend that we have “some petty spite against the Democrats” of that particular county, and that we have thus attacked them in order to “help the Republican compass their defeat.”  Our remarks upon the resolutions of the peace meeting in McDonough were calculated to bring about just the opposite result. – They were calculated to let Democrats see the folly of getting up a peace party and advocating a convention to recognize the independence of the South, and to induce them to stand by their country in her present struggle, by which alone they could defeat the Republicans.  Mark our words now – if, under the lead of the Macomb Eagle, the Democrats of McDonough take ground in favor of peace – that is, in favor of withdrawing our troops while the confederate armies are at the Capital threatening to storm and take it – if they take ground in favor of recognizing the independence of the south, without a further struggle to maintain the Union and enforce the authority of the government in the seceded States – mark our words, we say, if the Democracy of  of McDonough, under the lead of the Macomb Eagle, take sides with the enemies of our government in this way, they will be badly beaten at the polls in November, and ought to be.  It never was Democratic to be a disunionist – it never was Democratic to be in favor of making two Unions out of our present Union – it never was Democratic to submit to Secession, or to recognize the independence of the Seceding States – and any attempt to make these treasonable heresies Democratic will result in the inglorious defeat of those who attempt it.  And it is because we wish to see that the Democracy of McDonough shall not be led astray into these anti-Democratic and disunion sentiments that we take the liberty of addressing them so frankly and freely.  The Macomb Eagle refers to a resolution of the New York Democratic State convention which we have endorsed, and which, it says, “are identical in spirit and purpose” with the McDonough resolution which we denounced.  The Eagle is simply mistaken; for we have no idea it intends to misrepresent us, or to falsify our position.  The New York resolution declares it to be the duty of Congress while putting down the rebellion with armed force, to offer a convention of all the States, &c.  The New York resolution proposes to go on with the war while holding out the olive branch.  The McDonough resolution proposed a convention as a substitute for the war.  The New York resolution declares that it is “the duty of the administration to prosecute the war with all its powers and resources.”  The McDonough resolution declares for peace and against the prosecution of the war, or else it is a mere clap-trap and amounts to just nothing at all.  There is, then, quite a difference between the resolution of the Democracy of New York and the resolutions of the peace men of McDonough.  All over the country, wherever the Democrats are holding meetings, except in McDonough county, they are declaring in favor of the prosecution of the war, as well as holding out the olive branch of convention.  The do so, because they can see no other way of inducing the crazy traitors of the Seceding States to agree to a convention.  The Democrats believe that the more vigorously the war is prosecuted the sooner the people of the seceding states will conclude that a convention would be better than a war for the purpose of securing their rights under the constitution – Why the Democrats of McDonough should differ with all other Democrats throughout the country in this matter, we do not know.  It may be that the Macomb Eagle has misled them, or it may for some other reason.  But whatever the reason, we note it as a singular fact that not a single Democratic meeting in McDonough county has thus far, to our knowledge, declared in favor of a vigorous prosecution of the war, while almost every meeting of Democrats elsewhere has done it.  We have every reason to believe that the Democrats of McDonough are true patriots, and we hope they will no longer allow themselves to appear before the country in a position that we do not believe they really occupy.  Let them, as they have done in times past, plant themselves side by side with their Democratic friends of the country generally – let them stand by the old Union and the old flag, and not talk of splitting up into two Unions and two flags – and there will be no such thing as misunderstanding their position abroad, and no such thing as the Republicans defeating in November.  We want to see them upon the right platform – and we want to see them ride down Republicanism and Abolitionism.


Macomb Eagle

September 21, 1861

Jackson’s Proclamation.

We publish this week the proclamation of Andrew Jackson to the nullifiers and incipient disunionists of 1832.  It is a good document – well worth reading now.  The truth it contains – the emphatic declaration that “disunion by armed force is Treason,” is as applicable in 1861 as it was in 1832.  The same determination to enforce the laws, which all good men approved and sustained in that day, is equally commendable at this day. – While there is an armed force in rebellion to our government, it must be met and destroyed by a like armed force.  When Democrats say they are in favor of the government, they mean that they are in favor of sustaining it against all assailants, whether armed in the field or insidiously sapping its foundations in the cabinet.  No man can be in favor of sustaining the government unless he is willing to see employed, and to aid in employing, all the means that are really necessary to defend it from its enemies.  And while those enemies are striking at the very existence of the government, we and all of us want them driven from the field in the speediest and most overwhelming manner possible.  That is what we mean when we say we are for sustaining the government and Constitution of the United States, and that is what we understand all others to mean when they make a similar declaration.  And, as in 1832, President Jackson accompanied his threat of employing the war-power against the disunionists with the assurance that the grievances of which they complained should be redressed by the Congress – so now, a like assurance ought to be made by the President that the grievances of the South will be remedied by the Congress or a convention of the States.  A declaration of this kind six months ago would have made a powerful diversion in favor of the Union and against the rebellion, even in the very hot-bed of secessionism.


Talk about Cows.

Under the above caption, the [?] Journal, among other things, says the following about the milking qualities of some of the different breeds of cows:

“What do you consider the best breed of cows?” – is a question not unfrequently asked; and yet it is a question unanswerable, and intrinsically absurd.  If we were to answer it in the Yankee fashion of asking questions, we would illustrate our idea by asking, ‘What is the best kind of a tree?’ or ‘What is the best kind of a building?’  The best tree is that which produces what you most desire to produce, whether it be fruit, timber, or shade and ornament.  The best building is that which best answers its design, whether it be for divine worship, education, a family dwelling, or a shelter for animals.  The best breed of cattle is that which will produce uniformly, at least cost, what you find, in your circumstances, to be most profitable, whether it be meat, labor, milk, butter or cheese, or a combination of several of these.

What do you want to produce? – Answer that question clearly in your own mind, and you may them, perhaps, find an answer to your inquiry.  Let us talk of cows, which is assuming that milk is the leading object, and then we have  the question, what is the best breed of cattle for milk?  We must still pursue our Yankee method of reply.  Do you want to sell milk in the common market? or use it in your own family, or make it into butter?  If it is to go to the milkman at 18 or 20 cents a can of eight quarts, your main object is to produce the largest quantity at smallest cost.  If you wish to use it for family purposes, quality is as important as quantity, and so it is in butter-making, even for the market.  The public taste discerns the quality of butter, so that its price varies a hundred per cent., but ‘milk is milk’, and bears a nearly uniform price, provided the water is passed through the cow and not pumped directly into the can, although the quality of milk is as various as that of butter.  For quantity of milk merely probably the Ayrshire produced more according to her weight and cost of keeping, than any other breed.  This appears to be established in Great Britain, although even so much is not admitted in America.  Indeed the Ayrshires for some reason, appear not to have maintained in this country their reputation at home.  Not much is claimed anywhere for the quality of their milk.  The Ayrshire is the milkman’s cow.  She has not weight nor early maturity to be profitable to the grazier, nor does the farmer find the best oxen for work among his stock.

The Jersey, on the other hand, is the gentleman’s cow.  Her milk, not deficient in quantity, is superior in quality to that of any other cow, so much superior that it is customary, in some parts of England, to keep one Jersey for every half dozen of other breeds, to give color and flavor to the butter and cheese.  This quality of richness in the milk seems to be constant with the breed.  We have repeatedly, in this country and England, examined dairies where Jerseys and other cows were kept, and in every instance the pans of milk of the Jerseys could be as readily distinguished from the rest, as gold from silver.

The Devons are not claimed to be great milkers, and they have a marked tendency to go dry a long time, though their milk is of the best quality.  For work, they are esteemed in England, the only suitable breed.

The Short Horn, for ‘the roast beef of old England’ in that country, takes decidedly the lead.  In New England the feed is too short, generally, for so huge a body; yet at every show, we find the largest and most attractive of the horned stock to be marked with this blood.  As cows, individuals have been known of this breed, equal to any others, but the dairy is not the best test of the value of the Short Horn.  The greatest weight of good beef at lowest cost, is the claim made in behalf of this magnificent breed.

It is true, however, that in the dairies which supply cities with milk, the cows mostly are of grade Short Horns.  These dairies are kept up, by constant buying and selling.  The cows are bought in the flush of their milk, kept constantly fat, and sold to the butcher when the milk runs low.  It is of little importance, whether such a cow, bought always with reference to her weight and value at the shambles, inclines to go dry two or four months.  She is worth her cost of beef, and may live longer or shorter, as she chooses to give more or less milk.

To a milk farmer here, whose special object is to make a given quantity of milk, our advice generally would be to buy and sell judiciously.  In the mixed or native breed, there are many fine milkers, which may be selected by a practiced eye, as good perhaps as the average of any breed.  It would be strange, indeed, if in the hundreds of cows at Brighton on a market day, you could not find a half dozen good ones, even were they bred by mere chance, for we have infusions of all the best foreign breeds in every State.  Keeping always in mind the ultimate value of the animal for beef, a good trade may thus supply his wants.


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