July 26 and 27, 1861

Macomb Journal
July 26, 1861

The Contraband Question.

The Eagle is troubled.  It professes not to know how we stand on the [African-American] contraband question, and pathetically implores us to define our position.  The Eagle is slightly oblivious.  We have had our say on that very question.  The Eagle will perceive by referring to our paper of June 7th that we endorsed the policy of that eminent Democrat, Benj. F. Butler, who thought it unpatriotic and injudicious for the army to catch runaway [African-Americans] for their masters. – If we were a soldier in the army we shouldn’t feel that it was any part of our duty to drive back the horses, cows or sheep which might escape from their owners, and much less their [African-Americans].  If Owen Lovejoy thinks so too, then he agrees with us, or we with him, just as the Eagle may please to have it.  But we don’t think that there was any public exigency which called for any expression of opinion by Congress upon this subject, and Owen Lovejoy would have done about as well if he had kept his mouth shut.

But, Mr. Eagle, why should you ask others how they stand on the [African-American] chasing question when you don’t say a word about how you stand?  If it is important that you should know how we stand, you are gratified, for we have no opinions to conceal.  But suppose, now, you take a turn at the business and tell us frankly whether you believe it is a part of the duty of our soldiers to hunt runaway [African-Americans] and escort them back to their masters?  And while you are about it you may just as well give us a chapter on the fugitive slave law in general and Owen Lovejoy in particular.


Accepted for the War.

            The McDonough Grays and the McDonough Rifles have been accepted by the proper authorities for the war, as has also Dr. Walker’s company of Cavalry.  Dr. Bayne’s company of Washington Guards has not yet been accepted, but probably will be.  The following is a list of officers of the companies named:

McDonough Rifles.

Captain – Louis H. Waters.
1st Lieutenant – James S. Gash.
2nd Lieutenant – J. B. Pearon.
Orderly Sergeant – O. C. Crosson.
2nd Sergeant – Robert Pearson.
3rd Sergeant – C. W. Cornell.
4th Sergeant – W. H. Brown.
The election of Corporals was postponed until the Company arrives in Camp.

McDonough Greys.

Captain – G. L. Farwell.
1st Lieutenant – A. G. Burr.
2nd Lieutenant – W. L. Danly.
1st Sergeant – Richard Lawrence.
2d Sergeant – J. T. Walker.
3d Sergeant – W. Magabey.
4th Sergeant – John Shipman.
5th Sergeant – H. W. Penrose.
1st Corporal – D. K. Miller.
2nd Corporal – Thos. Pennington.
3d Corporal – John Laughlin.
4th Corporal – John Penrose.

Washington Guards.

Captain – W. F. Bayne.
1st Lieutenant – J. E. Fleming.
2nd Lieutenant – Jerry Randolph.
Orderly Sergeant – David S. Randolph.
2nd Sergeant – James C. McLelland.
3rd Sergeant – C. R. Single.
4th Sergeant – James F. Jones.
5th Sergeant – John R. Moore.
1st Corporal – James F. Greenup.
2d Corporal – John Powers.
3d Corporal – James W. Harland.
4th Corporal – John Matheny.
This company meets Saturday, July 27th, for drill.  All are requested to be present.


Macomb Eagle

July 27, 1861

It’s No Use. – No gentlemen, its no use for you to spend so many sleepless nights in manufacturing falsehoods to tell about this paper.  It’s no use to degrade your Christian character by advocating the murder of its editor, because he conscientiously loves his country and opposes your [African-American] loving doctrines.  It is perfect folly for you to talk of raising a secession flag on our office some night in order to gain a plausible pretext for shooting us; for in the first place you haven’t sense enough to make one, and secondly, we don’t allow such treasonable actions around our premises in the night.  It is of no use for you to swear, fret, foam, threaten, howl, shriek, and “beller,” bout a paper you never saw.  It is of no use for you to send some sneaking puppy into our office for Mr. so and so’s paper in order to read it to a decoy crowd of “patriots” on the street.  In short, there is no use in “busting your biler” to accomplish an impossibility.  When we get ready to retire from the editorial management of this paper we shall do so.  You may as well rest easy until then.  In the meantime we shall continue to publish the truth and perform the laudable action of minding our own business.  You can’t kill this paper, gentlemen, and in view of the approaching judgment, we think it would be highly commendable in you to cease lying for a little season.


An Abolitionist Offended. – An abolitionist at Bushnell has become greatly offended at the Eagle – he can’t “enjoy hisself reading it.”  We hope he will cherish his anger. – We ask no favors from fanatics and madmen.  They don’t like the fire of the Eagle – and not content with stopping unpaid subscriptions, they are continually making savage threats about demolishing the office and hanging the editor.  They are only mean enough to do the former, and have too lively a fear of retribution, to attempt the latter. – The Democrats of Bushnell, we have no doubt, will send us the names of a score or more of earnest friends of the Constitution, in place of the abolitionist who can’t “enjoy hisself reading” wholesome truths and honest support of the Constitution of our Fathers.


The Comet. – It is asserted by astronomers that on the 28th ult., the earth missed a collision with the tail of the comet by only two days – the tail had got out of the earth’s track on the 26th.  What would have been the effect of a collision?  Estimate it as you will, the tail of the comet could not have inflicted greater injuries upon the earth, than have the people of the United States suffered from the tale of abolition.


A friend in this county sends us the following extracts from letters received by him from a member of Captain Patrick’s company, 16th Illinois regiment.

“We have been out on a little scout to day, and have taken 8 men, 8 horses and wagons, 2 sacks of flour, etc.”

“We have taken two prisoners to-day.  We shot one of them, and ordered out a platoon to shoot the other.  If this don’t make rebels out of good citizens, what will?  We steal their provisions, horses, and slaves, and let their wives and children starve.  A good way to make peace.”


“Treason Sympathizers.”

To the Editor of the Macomb Eagle:

Such is the heading of an article in the last number of the Macomb Journal, and the writer appears to think or at least to say that all persons, Democrats more especially, who do not approve in toto this abolition civil war now raging, must of necessity be traitors to the government.

Let me ask him, was the redoubtable Tom. Corwin a traitor when, on the floor of Congress, he wished that our brave and gallant soldiers then fighting in a foreign clime, seeking to secure from Mexico our just rights, was he a traitor, I ask, when he wished that those troops “might be welcomed with bloody hands to an inhospitable grave?”  Will he venture to name the first member of the republican party that ever rebuked the said Tom for this damnable and wicked saying?  Was there a single republican that refused to vote for him on that account?

I can assure the editor of the Journal that I have heard a great deal said against the present war; but I have not yet heard any man, Democrat or otherwise, say anything one tenth part as bad as this.

But these “traitors draw dark pictures of the evils of war,” &c., &c.  Good God! Is it possible that they can make it appear any worse than it is?  Is it not bad enough for father to be fighting against son, and brother against brother?  Is it not bad enough that  we cannot write to or receive letters from our dearest friends, because they live south of a certain line and are unfortunate enough to own a few [African-Americans]?

I hear a great deal about the Union, the Constitution, and the enforcement of the laws, particularly the latter.  Suppose the republican party enforce the Fugitive Slave Law, just a little, or will they help their abolition brethren in Congress to repeal it?  By the way what become of “that petition” that was circulated amongst the abolitionists and republicans of Chicago, requesting “Old Abe” to remove United States Marshal John R. Jones, because he was honest enough to do his duty and remember the obligations of his oath of office?  How many republicans are there in this country who would assist in enforcing that law, even if they were called upon to do so by the aforesaid U.S. Marshall.

Does the editor of the Journal recollect the hard names that were applied to some Democrats in Macomb for attempting to enforce that law something over a year ago, and what rejoicings there were among the brethren when it was discovered that the Fugitives had reached what was supposed to be a safe point?

It has been said, “the South has nothing to complain of,” and yet I daily see rejoicings in republican papers over the escape of some [African-American], and not very long ago the Chicago Journal (a republican paper I believe) stated that in two nights the Michigan Central train conveyed away hundreds of fugitive slaves from Chicago, who were afraid to stay there on account of the recent arrests, and advised every [African-American] in Chicago to make tracks for Canada as soon as possible.

Query: was not that slave catching in Chicago all a ruse of the republicans to make it appear that they were anxious to enforce the law?

Their zeal in the cause was like a bottle of soda water, all pop and did not last long; at least I have not heard any more instances of it.  What a glorious chance to get rid of and scare away a few hundred no account trifling rascals!

I hope all the troops sent to the seceding States to protect the Union men are not like the Chicago Zouaves, that passed through this place a short time ago.  Here they stole a box of cigars, etc.  At Colchester more so, and at Camp Point cleaned out an establishment, taking every thing portable, and since their arrival in Missouri I have heard a man that the editor of the Journal will not dispute say that they were the biggest thieves he ever saw – that they stole geese, chickens, potatoes, and every thing they could lay hands on and taking the farmer’s horses and running races with them.  In Virginia it has been still worse – the wives and daughters of Union men have been polluted by these friends in human shape – houses burnt, and every thing valuable and portable stolen. – And yet these “treason Sympathizers are “drawing dark pictures,” etc!  These are the men that are to save the Union from dishoner, to protect us from the bloody secessionists.  These are the men that over a million of dollars a day are being spent on, besides what our city councils and private citizens make them a present of.  And yet we “draw dark pictures.”  You accursed hypocrite!  There is more Union spirit in one Democrat than there is in ten thousand such lying [African-American] thieves as the editor of the Macomb Journal.

But you are “not warring against slavery.”  Look at the Debates in Congress, I was going to say.  But there is no debate there now.  The halls of Liberty have become a star chamber, where even Crittenden is threatened with death if he speaks the truth.

But why do you not give full reports of what is doing in Congress, if it is worthy of the name?  Are you ashamed of them?  Are you afraid to let the people know what it doing?  If so why not suppress all the Democratic journals?  The Emperor Napoleon gives a journal three warnings.

So do most other despotic governments before suppression.  Queen Vic. And her ministers have never yet attempted to restrict the liberty of the press.

But one of the Emperor Lincoln’s Generals, or Captains, says the word and the office is taken possession of and an abolition paper printed in the place of it.

And you call this free press, and you say we “draw dark pictures,” with corn at seven and eight cents a bushel and no sale at that, and no money if there was any sale, and because we don’t like it you call us traitors and and rebels, and talk about hanging and shooting, and imprisonment, and you call that “Free Speech.”

And you see men in this harvest time, when every man ought to be able to get plenty of work, standing round unable to get work, unable to obtain bread for their families, and this you call “Free Labor.”

I have written more than I intended when I begun, and must close.  There is much more that could be said, but I will defer to it another time.  But recollect that the founders of this Union were once called traitors and rebels, and your calling us so does not make us either one or the other.

                                                                        STATE RIGHTS AND NATIONAL UNION.


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