Amendments to the Constitution.
It is known that the late Congress passed an amendment to the Constitution, to the effect that Congress should never interfere with negro slavery in any of the states where it now legally exists. Notice of the passage of this amendment will be officially communicated to the Governors of the respective States, and after it shall be adopted by two-thirds of the States, it becomes a part of the Constitution of the United States. The Legislature of Illinois will not meet for nearly two years; unless convened by the Governor. We do not know what course Gov. Yates will pursue; but it seems to us that the subject is of sufficient importance to demand the consideration of the general assembly and its adoption by that body. We do not apprehend the probability of much opposition to this amendment of the Constitution. The Democratic party, we are satisfied, will be unanimously in favor of it; and the republicans, if they are sincere in their declarations that they have no design or wish to interfere with negro slavery in the States where it is established, can have no possible objection to incorporating their purpose in the highest law of the land. It would be one step towards satisfying the South that they have no design, and harbor no intention, to molest them in the possession and security of their negro property. There is, as we conceive, only one class in this country who can object to the adoption of the proposed amendment, and that is the faction of abolitionists. What their strength is, or what their opposition would amount to, cannot now be determined; but we indulge the hope that it would be very small, and scarcely more than sufficient to make them barely recognizable. – The great majority of the people of the North have all been protesting that they would not interfere with negro slavery where it exists, and now the South calls upon us to make good our declarations by amending the Constitution, as that will place it beyond quibble or misrep- [text is missing] in our assertions to let the South alone, let us now come up and prove it satisfactorily to them. They ask it at our hands. It will neither injure nor degrade us in any possible manner, either now or heretofore, and it may do them much good.
Our intelligence from Washington is up to Wednesday night. It will be seen that Fort Sumter is not yet evacuated by the federal troops; but from the tenor of the dispatches it will be seen that its abandonment and surrender to the confederate authorities is only a question of time, and governed by the period which the provisions in the fort will suffice to feed Maj. Anderson’s command. The administration has hesitated and delayed so long about issuing the order to withdraw, that the moral effect of such a measure as a peace offering to the South will, we fear, be almost destroyed. Had the order been promptly made, without throwing out the rumor as a feeler of public opinion, the act would have redounded to the credit of the administration and would have vastly strengthened the Union sentiment in the border States. But the delay of the President now threatens to render nugatory the measure that otherwise would have quieted and pacified the public mind. This vascil action and paltering is doubtless attributable to the abolition influence in the cabinet – the influence that is wickedly bent on a war, as a means of abolishing negro slavery on the continent. The President will not assume the responsibility of decisive and energetic action in the path of peace and frank and manly concessions to the opinions of the southern people. Every day’s delay only renders the prospect of a peaceable adjustment less promising.
- Circuit Court. – The only criminal case disposed of so far, is that of the State vs. Daniel Price, forgery; sentenced to the penitentiary for one year. The case of Egbert vs. Martin, slander, was decided by a verdict for the defendant. The other cases disposed of have been ordinary common law suits.
- We should call the attention of those suffering from consumption, bronchitis, &c., to an advertisement in another column of this paper, of an important discovery for the cure of those diseases, now introduced for the first time to the American public by Messrs. Leeds, Gimore, & Co., of New York.
- We had a call yesterday from our young friend Robert Sloan, the efficient and clever express agent. We are glad that Bob is in the employment of those that can appreciate merit, and who will not cut off his head to please some would be congressman.
- It would seem, from the horde of officehunters at Washington, that there are more republicans and sinners seeking refuge in Abraham’s bosom, than the world has ever known before. The most of them, we apprehend, find it “mighty dry nussing.”
- THEFT. – A man named Johnson stole a pair of pantaloons from L. Johnson’s store, but he failed to conceal the goods, and was immediately arrested. He will probably be taught a lesson in that kind of business before the court adjourns.
- It is very important that the Democrats of this county attend the election next Tuesday. Let us show to our friends abroad that old McDonough can still be enrolled among the Democratic counties of Illinois.